The Social Motivations of People with Low Self-Esteem
Low self-esteem people have always been a puzzle to researchers. For years, many theorists began with the plausible yet probably false assumption that people with low self-esteem were generally the opposite of those with high self-esteem; by this reasoning, if people with high self-esteem want to succeed and be liked, then people with low self- esteem must want to fail and be disliked. More recent theorists (e.g., S. Jones, 1973; Shrauger, 1975) have suggested that the notion that low self-esteem people desire failure and rejection is false. The question remains, however: What do these people want?
KeywordsSocial Motivation Social Psychology Bulletin Conceptual Replication Failure Feedback Nonverbal Intelligence Test
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Arkin, R. M. (1981). Self-presentational styles. In J. T Tedeschi (Ed.), Impression management theory and social psychological research (pp. 311–333). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Arkin, R. M., & Baumgardner, A. H. (1985). Self-handicapping. In J. H. Harvey & G. Weary (Eds.), Attribiäion: Basic issues and applications (pp. 169–202). New York: Acadeniic Press.Google Scholar
- Cohen, A. R. (1959). Some implications of self-esteem for social influence. In C. I. Hovland & I. L. Jarus (Eds.), Personality and persuability (pp. 102–120). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Dinner, S., Lewkowicz, B., & Cooper, J. (1972). Anticipatory attitude change as a function of self-esteem and issue familiarity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 24, 407–412.Google Scholar
- Hirt, E. R. (1989). Self-handicapping: Antecedents and consequences. Paper presented at the annual convention of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
- Hutton, D. G. (1991). Self-esteem and memory for social interaction. Unpublished dissertation. Case Western Reserve University, Ohio.Google Scholar
- Snyder, C. R. (1990). Self-handicapping processes and sequelae: On the taking of a psychological dive. In R. L. Higgins, C. R. Snyder, & S. Berglas, Self-handicapping: The paradox that isn’t (pp. 107–150). New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
- Snyder, C. R., & Smith, T. W. (1982). Symptoms as self-handicapping strategies: The virtues of old wine in a new bottle. In G. Weary & H. Mirels (Eds.), Integrations of clinical and social psychology (pp. 104–127). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar