Novel Topics in π Nuclear Physics

  • T. E. O. Ericson
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSB, volume 45)


What is the role of π-nuclear physics? What can we learn from it? Let me first clearly state what it should not be. It is a temptation for some to use physical pions as a spectroscopic tool to investigate nuclear states, which is little more than an extension of Van de Graaff physics to a new particle and to less preciseness. With a few exceptions (mainly photopions and radiative π-capture) this is not a great challenge to our imagination and it is not the true reason for the importance of pions to nuclear physics. The key importance of pions is that it is the most important constituent in the nuclear force; in this way it indirectly influences every single aspect of nuclear physics. Because of this the nature of its interaction becomes of prime importance and so does its connection to nuclear properties. This is in particular so since the pion field may radically change under the right conditions leading for example to a nuclear phase transition. It is therefore these unfamiliar, novel features of the nucleus, its relativistic phenomena, the modification of the nuclear force by the nuclear medium (3 body forces), isobar effects and exchange currents which are the main motivations for π-nuclear physics: the use of physical pions serve to illustrate the effects and elucidate the many possibilities.


Nuclear Matter Axial Current Nuclear Medium Impulse Approximation Physical Pion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Ericson and T.E.O. Ericson, Ann. Phys. (N.Y.), 36 (1966), 323ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. M. Krell and T.E. O. Ericson, Nucl. Phys. B11 (1969), 521ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.
    H.A. Bethe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30 (1973), 105.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    M. Johnson and H. Bethe, Nucl. Phys. A305 (1978), 418.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    T.E.O. Ericson, The investigation of nuclear structure by scattering processes at high energy, ed. H. Schopper (North- Holland, Amsterdam, 1975), p. 165.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    A.B. Migdal, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 61 (1971), 2210; Engl, transl. Sov. Phys. JETP (1972), 1184Google Scholar
  7. G.E. Brown and W. Weise, Phys. Rep.27C (1976), 1.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    G. Baym and G.E. Brown, Nucl. Phys. A247 (1975), 395.ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 7.
    J.M. Eisenberg, J. Hufner and E.J. Moniz, Phys. Lett. 47B (1973), 381.ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 8.
    L. Tauscher, Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. on High-Energy Physics and Nuclear Structure (Santa Fe, U.S.A., 1975), eds. D.E. Nagle, et al. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1975), AIP Conf. Proc. No. 26, p. 541.Google Scholar
  11. 9.
    C.J. Batty, S.F. Biagi, E. Friedman, S.D. Hoath, J.D. Davies, G.J. Pyle, G.T.A. Squier and D.M. Asbury, Phys. Rev. Letters W 40 (1978), 931.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 10.
    R. Engfer et al., At. Data. Nucl. Data Tables 14 (1974), 509.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 11.
    I. Sick, Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. on High-energy Physics and Nuclear Structure (Santa Fe, U.S.A., 1975), eds. D.E. Nagle et al. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1975) AIP Conf. Proc. No. 26, p. 388.Google Scholar
  14. 12.
    J.W. Negele, in High Energy Physics and Nuclear Structure, p. 17, ed. M. Locher, Birkhauser, Verlag, Basel 1977.Google Scholar
  15. 13.
    M. Ericson and M. Krell, Phys. Lett. 38B (1972), 359.ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 14.
    M. Ericson and J. Delorme, Phys. Lett. 76B (1978), 182.ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 15.
    M. Ericson, “Structure of the Nuclear Pion Field” in Mesons and Nuclei, M. Rho and D.H. Wilkinson, Editors, in press.Google Scholar
  18. 16.
    J. Delorme, M. Ericson, A. Figureau and C. Thevenet, Ann. Phys. 102 (1976), 273.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 17.
    M. Ericson, Thèse, Universite de Paris (1958), Rapport CEA, 1189.Google Scholar
  20. 18.
    S.O. Backman and W. Weise, to appear in Mesons in Nuclei, M. Rho and D.H. Wilkinson, in press.Google Scholar
  21. 19.
    G.E. Brown, S.O. Backman, E. Oset and W. Weise, Nucl. Phys. A286 (1977), 191.ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 20.
    T.E.O. Ericson and F. Myhrer, Phys. Lett. 74B (1978), 163.ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 21.
    P.G. DeGennes, These, Université de Paris (1959), Presses Universitaires de France Edit.Google Scholar
  24. 22.
    S.A. Fayans, E.E. Saperstein, S.V. Tolokonnikov, J. Phys. G3 (1977), L51.ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 23.
    J. Meyerter-Vehn, preprint SIN (1978).Google Scholar
  26. 24.
    T.E.O. Ericson and J. Bernabeu, Phys. Lett. 68B (1977).Google Scholar
  27. 25.
    Y. Nambu, Phys. Rev, Letters 4 (1960)Google Scholar
  28. M. Gell-Mann and M. Levy, Nuovo Cimento 16 (1960), 605.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  29. 26.
    M.L. Goldberger and S.B. Treiman, Phys. Rev. 111 (1958), 354.ADSMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 27.
    M. Chemtob and M. Rho, Nuclear Phys. A163 (1971), 1.ADSGoogle Scholar
  31. 28.
    M. Ericson, Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol. 1, p. 67, ed. D.H. Wilkinson, Pergamon 1978.Google Scholar
  32. 29.
    J. Le Tourneux, Nuclear Phys. 81 (1966), 665.ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 30.
    J. Bernabeu, T.E.O. Ericson and C. Jarlskog, Phys. Letters 69B (1977), 161.ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. 31.
    T. Mitzutani and D.S. Koltun, University of Rochester Preprint UR-602, COO-2171–69 (1976); A.S. Rinat, Weizmann Institute Preprint WIS-77/9-Ph (1977).Google Scholar
  35. 32.
    T.E.O. Ericson, in Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol. 1, p. 173, ed. D.H. Wilkinson, Pergamon 1978.Google Scholar
  36. 33.
    H.F. Jones and M.D. Scadron, Phys. Rev. D11 (1975), 174.ADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 34.
    T.E.O. Ericson and C. Wilkin, Phys. Lett. 57B (1975), 345.ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 35.
    P. Truol, et al., Phys, Rev. Letters 32 (1974), 1268.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 36.
    G. Backenstoss, et al., Ann, Rev. Nucl. Sci. 20 (1970), 467.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 37.
    V.T. Cocconi, et al., Nuovo Cimento 22 (1961), 494.Google Scholar
  41. 38.
    H. Davies, H. Muirhead and J.N. Woulds, Nuclear Phys. 78 (1966), 673.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 39.
    D.W. Joseph, Nuovo Cimento 16 (1960), 997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 40.
    A.M. Baldin, quoted by I.M. Vasilevsky, et al., Nuclear Phys. B9 (1969), 673ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. L.I. Lapidus and M.M. Musakhanov, Sov. J. Nuclear Phys. 15 (1972), 558.Google Scholar
  45. 41.
    N. Kroll and M. Ruderman, Phys. Rev. 15 (1954), 233.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 42.
    V.I. Petrukhin and Yu.D. Prokoshkin, Nuclear Phys. 93 (1964), 414.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 43.
    A.B. Migdal, Sov. Phys. JETP 34 (1972), 1184MathSciNetADSGoogle Scholar
  48. A.B. Migdal, Phys. Letters 52B (1974), 264, and references contained therein.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. E. O. Ericson
    • 1
  1. 1.CERNGenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations