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Scaling Processes in Metals and Alloys with Formation of Thick Protective Layers

  • Karl Hauffe

Abstract

We have been concerned until now with the fundamental phenomena involved in oxidation processes in and on both thick and thin protective layers. In the present chapter we will extend and apply the mechanisms discussed earlier. We start with the oxidation processes which lead to compact and thick oxide layers, which generally appear at high temperatures after long oxidation intervals. At the present time, research is being pushed— particularly studies of oxide systems with thick oxide layers as opposed to those with thin tarnishing layers—so that a detailed discussion of the mechanisms of these processes is especially useful. We can take Wagner’s scaling formulas (3.21) and (3.22) as our starting point. (We must also consider the dependence of the self-diffusion coefficients on the chemical potential of the metal or nonmetal.) Unlike (3.21), which is generally valid, (3.22) is limited since it is only applicable to oxidation systems with electron conducting protective layers.

Keywords

Oxidation Rate Oxygen Pressure Protective Layer Internal Oxidation Oxidation Zone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl Hauffe

There are no affiliations available

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