Review of Medical Linguistics in Computing with Special Reference to ‘Mumps’

  • D. E. Clark
  • T. C. Sharpe
  • A. J. Duxbury


Computers were first used in medicine in the U.K. in 1953. The first computer at the National Institutes of Health in Washington was delivered in 1958. Computers have until recently been difficult to use for processing medical data. In the early sixties the American Government invested a considerable amount of money in computers in medicine, and some of this was spent at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) where attempts were made to computerise the hospital. Bolt, Baronach and Newman, the consultants in this venture, used a modified version of the interactive computer language ‘JOSS’ which ran on a PDP-1 computer sited remotely from the hospital. On this machine the language was called ‘TELECOMP’ but refined for medical purposes it became ‘MEDCOMP’. A great deal of work was done in the hospital but progress was slow and difficult, and the need for a simple high-level language for medical work was evident.


Medical Data Massachusetts General Hospital Medical Work User Program Digital Equipment Corporation 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. E. Clark
    • 1
  • T. C. Sharpe
    • 1
  • A. J. Duxbury
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Computing UnitUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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