A Pulse-Radiolysis Study on Active Oxygen

  • K. Hayashi
  • D. Lindenau
  • M. Tamura
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 92)


The recent findings of the enzymic and non-enzymic generation of the superoxide anion, O2 -, and its scavenging enzyme, superoxide dismutase, in living organisms may help to explain the molecular mechanisms of oxygen toxicity and also the oxygen effect observed in the radiation biology (McCord and Fridovich, 1968; McCord et al, 1971). In this paper we focused our attention on the reactions of O2 with certain haemoproteins such as myoglobin, haemoglobin, cytochrome c and peroxidase. The possible function of myoglobin in protecting against O2 is also discussed. In the present study, the pulse-radiolysis technique in combination with the optical detection method was used with the nanosecond time-resolution.


Active Oxygen Difference Spectrum Horse Radish Peroxidase Ferric State Oscilloscope Trace 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Hayashi
    • 1
  • D. Lindenau
    • 2
  • M. Tamura
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute of Scientific and Industrial ResearchOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Bereich Strahlen-chemieHahn-Meitner-Institut für Kernforschung Berlin GmbHBerlin 39Germany

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