Advertisement

Investigation of the Spectral-Luminescence Properties of Ruby as Active Laser Medium

  • V. B. Neustruev
Part of the The Lebedev Physics Institute Series book series (LPIS, volume 79)

Abstract

Investigation was made of the spectra of Cr3+ in A12O3 in the 900–8000 Å range. A study was made of the nature of the color centers formed in ruby by high-power optical and γ -ray irradiation. The influence of an anisotropic perturbation by an external electric field on the probability of some transitions in the Cr3+ ion was determined. The results obtained made it possible to give a qualitative interpretation of the Cr3+ spectrum in the vacuum ultraviolet region, refine the mechanism of quantum losses in the photoexcitation of ruby, and propose a model of the energy band structure. The influence of the color centers on the Cr3+ spectrum and on the laser characteristics was considered.

Keywords

External Electric Field Color Center Additional Absorption Radiative Efficiency Ruby Laser 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    D. S. McClure, J. Chem. Phys., 36:2757 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 1.
    D. S. McClure, J. Chem. Phys., 38:2289 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.
    S. Sugano and Y. Tanabe, J. Phys. Soc. Jap., 13:880 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    S. Sugano and M. Peter, Phys. Rev., 122:381 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    N. K. Bel’skii and D. A. Mukhamedova, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 158:317 (1964)Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    N. K. Bel’skii and D. A. Mukhamedova, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 162:527 (1965).Google Scholar
  7. 5.
    J. Margerie, C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 255:1598 (1962).Google Scholar
  8. 6.
    S. Suganov and I. Tsujikawa, J. Phys. Soc. Jap., 13:899 (1958).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 7.
    G. K. Klauminzer, P. L. Scott, and H. W. Moos, Phys. Rev., 142:248 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 8.
    B. Z. Maikin, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., 42:1410 (1962)Google Scholar
  11. 8.
    B. Z. Maikin, Fiz. Tverd. Tela, 4:2214 (1962).Google Scholar
  12. 9.
    S. A. Pollack, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4:703 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 10.
    E. E. Bukke and Z. L. Morgenshtern, Opt. Spektrosk., 14:687 (1963)Google Scholar
  14. 10a.
    E. E. Bukke and Z. L. Morgenshtern, Acta Phys. Pol., 26:593 (1964).Google Scholar
  15. 11.
    G. V. Schultz, Z. Phys., 167:446 (1962).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 12.
    M. D. Galanin, V. N. Smorchkov, and Z. A. Chizhikova, Opt. Spektrosk., 19:296 (1965).Google Scholar
  17. 13.
    B. S. Tsukerblat and Yu. E. Periin, Opt. Spektrosk., 21:13 (1966).ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 14.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, Opt. Spektrosk., 20:837 (1966).Google Scholar
  19. 15.
    E. I. Al’shits, Z. L. Morgenshtern, and V. B. Neustruev, Opt. Spektrosk., 31:932 (1971).Google Scholar
  20. 16.
    K. Watanabe and E. C. Y. Inn, J. Opt. Soc. Am., 43:32 (1953).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 17.
    S. V. Grum-Grzhimailo, L. B. Pasternak, D. T. Sviridov, L. G. Chentsova, and M. A. Chernysheva, in: Spectroscopy of Crystals [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1966), p. 168.Google Scholar
  22. 18.
    E. Loh, J. Chem. Phys., 44:1940 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 19.
    E. T. Arakawa and M. W. Williams, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 29:735 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 20.
    D. T. Sviridov, Opt. Spektrosk., 20:488 (1966).Google Scholar
  25. 21.
    D. T. Sviridov, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 157:334 (1964).Google Scholar
  26. 22.
    T. Kushida, J. Phys. Soc. Jap., 21:1331 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 23.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, Opt. Spektrosk., 32:953 (1972)Google Scholar
  28. 23a.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, in: Ruby and Sapphire [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1974), p. 130.Google Scholar
  29. 24.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Ser. Fiz., 37:641 (1973).Google Scholar
  30. 25.
    T. H. Maiman, Phys. Rev. Lett., 4:564 (1960).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 26.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, ZhETF Pis’ma Red., 2:507 (1965)ADSGoogle Scholar
  32. 26a.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, Phys. Status Solidi, 14:303 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 27.
    V. V. Antonov-Romanovskii, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 2(11):93 (1936).Google Scholar
  34. 28.
    T. S. Moss, Optical Properties of Semiconductors, Butterworths, London (1959).Google Scholar
  35. 29.
    P. J. Harrop and R. H. Creamer, Br. J. Appl. Phys., 14:335 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 30.
    O. T. Ozkan and A. J. Moulson, J. Phys. D, 3:983 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 31.
    T. Maruyama and Y. Matsuda, J. Phys. Soc. Jap., 19:1096 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 32.
    D. R. Mason and J. S. Thorp, Proc. Phys. Soc. Lond. 87:49 (1966).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 33.
    C. A. Bates and J. M. Dixon, J. Phys. C., 2:2225 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 34.
    G. V. Schultz, Phys. Lett., 9:301 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 35.
    S. F. Sharlai, Postgraduate Papers [in Russian], Leningrad Institute of Precision Mechanics and Optics (1966), p. 3.Google Scholar
  42. 36.
    C. M. Stickely, H. Miller, E. E. Hoell, C. C. Gallagher, and R. A. Bradbury, J. Appl. Phys., 40:1792 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 37.
    W. Flowers and J. Jenney, Proc. IEEE, 51:858 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 38.
    G. E. Arkhangelskii, Z. L. Morgenshtern, and V. B. Neustruev, Phys. Status Solid, 22: 289 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 39.
    G. E. Arkhangelskii, Z. L. Morgenshtern, and V. B. Neustruev, Phys. Status Solidi, 29: 831 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 40.
    G. E. Arkhangelskii, Z. L. Morgenshtern, and V. B. Neustruev, in: Spectroscopy of Crystals [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1970), p. 273.Google Scholar
  47. 41.
    V. V. Antonov-Romanovskii, Kinetics of Photoluminescence of Crystal Phosphors [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1966), § § 36 and 38.Google Scholar
  48. 42.
    L. S. Kornienko and A. M. Prokhorov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., 38:1651 (1960).Google Scholar
  49. 43.
    D. S. McClure, Solid State Phys., 9:399 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 44.
    D. T. Sviridov, Krist. Tech., 3:661 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 45.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz., 32:6 (1968).Google Scholar
  52. 46.
    W. R. Davis, A. S. Menius, Jr., M.K. Moss, and C. R. Philbrick, J. Appl. Phys., 36:670 (1965).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 47.
    V. R. Johnson and R. W. Grow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron., QE-3:1 (1967).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 48.
    G. E. Arkhangel’skii, Z. L. Morgenshtern, and V. B. Neustruev, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Fiz., 33:807 (1969)Google Scholar
  55. 48a.
    G. E. Arkhangel’skii, Z. L. Morgenshtern, and V. B. Neustruev, Phys. Status Solidi, 36:451 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 49.
    A. I. Ritus and A. A. Manenkov, Fiz. Tverd. Tela, 5:3590 (1963).Google Scholar
  57. 50.
    V. A. Gevorkyan, K. A. Madatyan, É. A. Kochinyan, and V. Kh. Sarkisov, in: Spectroscopy of Crystals [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1970), p. 280.Google Scholar
  58. 51.
    V. B. Neustruev, Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk., 12:948 (1970).Google Scholar
  59. 52.
    Z. L. Morgenshtern and V. B. Neustruev, Spectroscopy of Crystals [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1973), p. 291.Google Scholar
  60. 53.
    W. Kaiser, S. Sugano, and D. L. Wood, Phys. Rev. Lett., 6:605 (1961).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 54.
    M. G. Cohen and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev., 135:A950 (1964).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 55.
    A. A. Kaplyanskii and V. N. Medvedev, Fiz. Tverd. Tela, 9:2704 (1967).Google Scholar
  63. 56.
    G. Burns and M. I. Nathan, J. Appl. Phys., 34:703 (1963).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Consultants Bureau, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. B. Neustruev

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations