Advertisement

The Significance of Hitherto Undescribed Miocene Hominoids from the Siwaliks of Pakistan in the Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt

  • G. H. R. von Koenigswald
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)

Abstract

With a team from the Geology Department of the University of Utrecht, as well as assistance from Tasir Hussain of Lahore and a grant allocated by the Werner-Reimers Foundation, several weeks were spent in Pakistan during the winter season of 1964-1965. A good faunal assemblage, now deposited in the Geological Institute of the University of Utrecht, was collected. Included in this faunal assemblage were a number of Miocene primate fossils which to date have yet to be presented to the scientific community. Therefore, it is the intent of this chapter to describe the hominoid primates recovered and to discuss their significance to the taxonomic and phylogenetic status of Ramapithecus

Keywords

Faunal Assemblage MIOCENE Hominoid Mandibular Fragment Hominoid Evolution Potwar Plateau 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andrews, P., and Tekkaya, I. 1980. A revision of the Turkish Miocene hominoid Sivapithecus meteai. Palaeontology 23: 85–95.Google Scholar
  2. Branco, W. 1898. Die menschenähnlichen Zähne aus dem Bohnerz der schwäbischen Alb.Jahrsh. Ver. Vaterl. Naturk. Württ. 54: 1–144.Google Scholar
  3. Colbert, E. H. 1935. Siwalik mammals in the American Museum of Natural History. Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N.S. 26: 1–401.Google Scholar
  4. Falconer, H. 1868. Palaeontological Memoirs and Notes of the Late Hugh Falconer (C. Murchison, ed.), Robert Hardwicke, London. Vol. 1, 590 pp., Vol. 2, 675 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Greenfield, L. O. 1979. On the adaptive pattern of “Ramapithecus.” Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 50: 527–548.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gregory, W. K., Hellman, M., and Lewis, G. E. 1938. Fossil anthropoids of the Yale-Cambridge India Expedition of 1935. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ. 495: 1–27.Google Scholar
  7. Lewis, G. E. 1934. Preliminary notice of new man-like apes from India. Am. J. Sci. 27: 161–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lydekker, R. 1879. Further notices of Siwalik Mammalia. Rec. Geol. Surv. India 12: 33–53.Google Scholar
  9. Pandey, J., and Sastri, V. V. 1968. On the new species of Sivapithecus from the Siwalik rocks of India. J. Geol. Soc. India 9: 206–211.Google Scholar
  10. Pilbeam, D., and Boyer, S. J. 1971. Appearance of Hipparion in the Tertiary of the Siwalik Hills of North India, Kashmir and West Pakistan. Nature (Lond.) 229: 408–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pilbeam, D., and Jacobs, L. L. 1978. Changing views of human origins. Plateau (Mus. N. Arizona) 51: 18–30.Google Scholar
  12. Pilbeam, D., Meyer, G. E., Badgley, C., Rose, M. D., Pickford, M. H. L., Behrensmeyer, A. K., and Shah, S. M. I. 1977. New hominoid primates from the Siwaliks of Pakistan and their bearing on hominoid evolution. Nature (Lond.) 270: 689–695.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pilbeam, D. R., Rose, M. D., Badgley, C., and Lipschutz, B. 1980. Miocene hominoids from Pakistan. Postilla (Peabody Mus. Nat. Hist., Yale Univ.) 181: 1–94.Google Scholar
  14. Pilgrim, G. E. 1927. A Sivapithecus palate and other primate fossils from India. Mem. Geol. Surv. India (Palaeontol. Ind.) 14: 1–24.Google Scholar
  15. Simons, E. L. 1964. On the mandible of Ramapithecus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 51: 528–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Simons, E. L. and Chopra, S. R. K. 1969. Gigantopithecus (Pongidae, Hominoidea) a new species from North India. Postilla (Peabody Mus. Nat. Hist., Yale Univ.) 138: 1–18.Google Scholar
  17. Simons, E. L., and Pilbeam, D. R. 1965. Preliminary revision of the Dryopithecinae (Pongidae, Anthropoidea). Folia Primatol. 3: 81–152.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Szalay, F. S., and Delson, E. 1979. Evolutionary History of the Primates, Academic, New York. 580pp. Tauxe, L. 1979. A new date for Ramapithecus. Nature (Land.) 282: 399–401.Google Scholar
  19. Villalta, J. F., and Crusafont, M. 1944. Dos nuevos antropomorfos del Mioceno espanol y su situación dentro de la moderna sistematica de los simidos. Notas Commun. Inst. Geol. Min. Espana 13: 91–139.Google Scholar
  20. Von Koenigswald, G. H. R. 1981. A possible ancestral form of Gigantopithecus (Mammalia, Hominoidea) from the Chinji Layers of Pakistan. J. Hum. Evol. 10: 511–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. H. R. von Koenigswald
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of PaleoanthropologySenckenberg MuseumFrankfurt 1West Germany

Personalised recommendations