Miocene Hominoid Postcranial Morphology

Monkey-like, Ape-like, Neither, or Both?
  • M. D. Rose
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


It is not the purpose of this chapter to provide definitive answers to any of the questions asked in its title, even though various aspects of these questions have formed a large part of the lively debate that has been conducted in recent years concerning Miocene hominoid postcrania. The material available for investigation has been increased significantly recently by new specimens from the early Miocene of East Africa [KNM-RU 2036C and KNM-RU 5872 specimens (Walker and Pickford, this volume, Chapter 12)], the later Miocene of Rudabánya, Hungary [Rud specimens (Morbeck, this volume, Chapter 14)], and the Potwar Plateau of Pakistan [most GSP specimens (Pilbeam et al., 1980)]. The main purpose of this chapter is to make some general comments on functional features of the morphology of some Miocene hominoid postcrania and on possible positional capabilities consistent with those features. Similarities to and differences from features of Miocene species evident in the postcrania of groups of living higher primates will be made purely in terms of function. Attention will be directed toward the larger bodied Miocene hominoids. Original specimens of all the East African and Asian material have been examined. The European material has been examined in cast form.


Articular Surface Radial Head Stance Phase Subtalar Joint Talocrural Joint 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Rose
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, New Jersey Medical SchoolUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseyNewarkUSA

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