The Enamel of Neogene Hominoids

Structural and Phyletic Implications
  • D. G. Gantt
Part of the Advances in Primatology book series (AIPR)


The present view of primate evolution is based almost completely on dental remains. This nearly total reliance on teeth by paleoanthropologists in their attempts to reconstruct phylogenies and to interpret functional parameters makes it imperative that every piece of information be evaluated. Teeth are the most abundant fossil remains because they are the hardest and most highly calcified elements of the mammalian skeleton. Thus, they are best suited to survive the processes of death, scavenging, and burial. They are also least susceptible to the processes of fossilization. The teeth are an unique organ, constructed of three calcified tissues: enamel, dentin, and cementum.


Human Enamel Enamel Thickness Enamel Structure Enamel Prism Miocene Hominoid 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. G. Gantt
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Dental ResearchUniversity of Alabama School of Dentistry, University StationBirminghamUSA

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