Prehistoric, Plains-Mountain, Large-Mammal, Communal Hunting Strategies

  • George C. Frison


Prehistoric human animal procurement has become a major area of archaeological interest because current studies in cultural ecology require a better understanding of past human subsistence strategies in hunter-gatherer societies. As with most archaeological research problems, straightforward answers are lacking and are unlikely to emerge from the data base; consequently, the number of different approaches toward solving the problem approximates the number of individual investigators. In reality, however, no single effort will bring about a solution to the problem. The best to be hoped for is that each effort may contribute small increments that, when added together and properly interpreted, will continually lead to more accurate explanations.


Archaeological Site Cold Weather High Plain American Antiquity Powder River Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aberle, D. F. 1966. Religio-magical phenomena and power, prediction and control. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 22:221–229.Google Scholar
  2. Agenbroad, L. D. 1978. The Hudson-Meng Site: An Alberta Bison Kill in the Nebraska High Plains. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America.Google Scholar
  3. Binford, L. R. 1978. Nunamiut Ethnoarchaeology. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  4. Binford, L. R. 1981. Bones: Ancient Men and Modern Myths. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  5. Brumley, J. H. 1984. The Laidlaw Site: An Aboriginal Antelope Trap from Southeastern Alberta. Archaeological Survey of Alberta, Occasional Paper No. 23, ed. D. Burley. Edmonton, Alberta.Google Scholar
  6. Chittenden, H. M., and A. T. Richardson. 1905. Life, Letters and Travels of Father Pierre Jean DeSmet, S. J. 1801–1873 ,Vol. 3. Francis P. Harper.Google Scholar
  7. Dibble, D. S., and D. Lorrain. 1968. Bonfire Shelter: A Stratified Bison Kill Site, Val Verde County, Texas. Texas Memorial Museum, Miscellaneous Papers No. 1.Google Scholar
  8. Egan, H. 1917. Pioneering the West, 1846–1848. W. M. Egan, Ed., Salt Lake City.Google Scholar
  9. Fletcher, A. C., and F. La Flesche. 1906. The Omaha Tribe. Bureau of American Ethnology, Annual Report No. 27.Google Scholar
  10. Frison. G. C. 1967. The Piney Creek Sites, Wyoming. University of Wyoming Publications Google Scholar
  11. Frison, G. C. 1968. Site 48SH312: An early Middle Period bison kill in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming. Plains Anthropologist 13:31–39.Google Scholar
  12. Frison G. C. 1970a. The Glenrqck Buffalo Jump, 48CO304: Late Prehistoric Period Buffalo rrocurement and Butchering. Plains Anthropologist Memoir No. 7.Google Scholar
  13. Frison. G. C. 1970b. The Kobold Site, 24BH406: A post-altithermal record of buffalo-jumping for the Northwestern Plains. Plains Anthropologist 15:1–35.Google Scholar
  14. Frison G. C. 1971a. Shoshonean antelope procurement in the Upper Green River Basin, Wyoming. Plains Anthropologist 16:258–284.Google Scholar
  15. Frison, G. C. 1971b. The buffalo pound in Northwestern Plains prehistory: Site 48CA3O2, Wyoming. American Antiquity 36:77–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Frison, G. C. 1974. The Casper Site: A Hell Gap Bison Kill on the High Plains. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  17. Frison, G. C. 1978a. Prehistoric Hunters of the High Plains. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  18. Frison, G. C. 1978b. Animal population studies and cultural inference. In: Bison Procurement and Utilization: A Symposium ,ed. M. Wilson and L. B. Davis. Plains Anthropologist Memoir 14.Google Scholar
  19. Frison, G. C. 1982. Paleo-Indian winter subsistence strategies on the High Plains. In: Plains Indian Studies: A Collection of Essays in Honor of John G Ewers and Waldo R. Wedel ,Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology No. 30.Google Scholar
  20. Frison, G. C. 1984. The Carter/Kerr-McGee Paleoindian site: Cultural resource management and archaeological research. American Antiquity 49(2):288–3l4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Frison, G. C. 1985. Prehistoric and early historic mountain sheep procurement in the central Rocky Mountains. Archaeological Survey of Alberta: Occasional Paper No. 26:267–276.Google Scholar
  22. Frison, G. C., R. L. Andrews, J. M. Adovasio, R.C. Carlisle, and Robert Edgar. 1986. A late paleoindian animal trapping net from Northern Wyoming. American Antiquity 51:352–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Frison, G. C. and C. Craig. 1982. Bone, antler, and ivory artifacts and manufacture technology. In: The Agate Basin Site ,ed. G. C. Frison and D. J. Stanford. 157–173. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  24. Frison, G. C., and D. J. Stanford, eds. 1982. The Agate Basin Site: A Record of the Paleoindian Occupation of the Northwestern High Plains. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  25. Frison, G. C., and L. C. Todd. 1986. The Colby Mammoth Site: Taphonomy and Archaeology of a Clovis Kill in Northern Wyoming. University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
  26. Frison, G. C., and D. N. Walker, eds. 1984. The Dead Indian Creek site: An archaic occupation in the Absaroka Mountains of northeastern Wyoming. Wyoming Archaeologist 27(1-2).Google Scholar
  27. Frison, G. C., D. N. Walker, S. D. Webb, and G. M. Zeimens. 1978. Paleo-Indian Procurement of Camelops on the Northwestern Plains. Quaternary Research 10:385–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Frison, G. C., M. Wilson, and D. J. Wilson. 1976. Fossil bison and artifacts from an early altithermal period arroyo trap in Wyoming. American Antiquity 4:28–57.Google Scholar
  29. Gilmore, M. R. 1924. Old Assiniboine buffalo-drive in North Dakota. Indian Notes 1:204–211.Google Scholar
  30. Grinnell, G. B. 1892. Blackfoot Lodge Tales. New York ,1892.Google Scholar
  31. Haynes, C. V. 1982. Were Clovis progenitors in Beringia? In: Paleoecology of Beringia ,ed. D. M. Hopkins, J. V. Matthews, Jr., C. E. Schweger, and S. B. Young. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  32. Haynes, G., and D. J. Stanford. 1984. On the possible utilization of Camelops by early man in North America. Quaternary Research 22:216–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mandelbaum, D. G. 1940. The Plains Cree. Anthropological Papers, American Museum of Natural History 37:155–316.Google Scholar
  34. Martin, P. S. 1967. Pleistocene overkill. Natural History 76:32–38.Google Scholar
  35. Nimmo, B. W. 1971. Population dynamics of a Wyoming pronghorn cohort from the Eden-Farson Site, 48SW304. Plains Anthropologist 16:285–288.Google Scholar
  36. Reagan, A. B. 1934. Some notes on the history of the Uintah Basin. In: Northeastern Utah, to 1850. Proceedings Utah Academy of Science, Arts and Letters 11:55–64.Google Scholar
  37. Reeves, B. O. K. 1978. Head-Smashed-In: 5500 Years of Bison Jumping in the Alberta Plains. Plains Anthropologist Memoir 14:151–174. ed. L. B. Davis and M. Wilson.Google Scholar
  38. Reher, C. A., and G. C. Frison. 1980. The Vore Site, 48CK302, A Stratified Buffalo Jump in the Wyoming Black Hills. Plains Anthropologist Memoir No. 16.Google Scholar
  39. Sahlins, M. D. 1968. Tribesman. Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  40. Saunders, J. J. 1977. Lehner Ranch Revisited. In: Paleoindian Lifeways ,ed. E. Johnson. The Museum Journal XVII:48–64. West Texas Museum Association, Texas Tech University.Google Scholar
  41. Simpson, T. 1984. Population Dynamics of Mule Deer. In: The Dead Indian Creek Site: An Archaic Occupation in the Absaroka Mountains of Northwestern Wyoming ,ed. G. C. Frison and D. N. Walker. The Wyoming Archaeologist 27:83–96.Google Scholar
  42. Stanford, D. J. 1974. Preliminary report on the excavation of the Jones-Miller Hell Gap site, Yuma County, Colorado. Southwestern Lore 40:30–36.Google Scholar
  43. Stanford, D. J. 1979. Bison kill by Ice Age hunters. National Geographic 155:114–119.Google Scholar
  44. Steward, J. H. 1938. Basin-Plateau Aboriginal Sociopolitical Groups. Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 120.Google Scholar
  45. Walker, D. N. 1982. Cultural Modification of Bone from Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) and Other Small Mammals. In: The Agate Basin Site ,ed. G. C. Frison and D. J. Stanford. 270–274. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  46. Walker, D. N., and G. C. Frison. 1986. The Late Pleistocene Mammalian Fauna from the Colby Mammoth Kill Site. Wyoming. In: The Colby Mammoth Site: Taphonomy and Archaeology of a Clovis Kill in Northern Wyoming. 191–205. University of New Mexico Press.Google Scholar
  47. Wheat, J. B. 1972. The Olsen-Chubbuck Site: A Paleo-Indian Bison Kill. Society for American Archaeology, Memoir No. 26.Google Scholar
  48. Wilson, M. 1974. The Casper Local Fauna and its Fossil Bison. In: The Casper Site: A Hell Gap Bison Kill on the High Plains. ed. G. C. Frison. 125–171. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • George C. Frison
    • 1
  1. 1.Anthropology DepartmentUniversity of WyomingLaramieUSA

Personalised recommendations