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Hunting in Late Upper Paleolithic Western Europe

  • Lawrence Guy Straus

Abstract

Three papers in this volume (Fisher, Frison, Morlan) deal with the prey and hunting practices of the terminal Pleistocene/initial Holocene Paleoindians and four authors (Behrensmeyer, Trinkaus, Binford, Klein) debate the crucial issue of hunting by early (“proto-human”) hominids. The major problems discussed are (1) how to discern hunting from scavenging and hominid agency from natural processes; (2) the possible relationships between hominid physical evolution and hunting; and (3) the increasing importance of hunting and its significance in the radiation of genus Homo. However, there is little discussion on hominid hunting that evolved later in the Pleistocene in the Old World. If it is problematical that early hominids and even archaic Homo sapiens (Neanderthal et al.) were full-fledged, organized hunters, then who were the first and what were their prey and hunting practices? Two papers mention the most likely answer in passing:

…it is primarily for later Upper Paleolithic populations that we have unquestionable archeological evidence of systematic, planned exploitation of larger mammals on a regular basis (Trinkaus, this volume). …there was a quantum advance in human ability to extract animal protein from nature, probably coincident with the adventof the Later Stone Age… (Klein, this volume).

Keywords

Occupation Level Paleolithic Site Ungulate Species Reindeer Herd Hunting Practice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence Guy Straus
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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