The main task I set myself in this essay is to raise a number of queries about scientific investigations. Deliberations pertaining to some of these questions lead to positions which give rise to new batches of questions.


Critical Assessment Fundamental Theory World View Special Theory Factual Science 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. L. von Bertalanffy, General Systems Theory (George Braziller, Inc., New York, 1968).Google Scholar
  2. M. Bunge ,Basic Philosophy, Vol. 4 ,(Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, 1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. M. Bunge, Method, Model ,and Matter (Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, 1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. M. Bunge, Scientific Research , Vols. I and II (Springer Verlag, New York, 1970).Google Scholar
  5. E. Cassirer, An Essay on Man (Yale University Press, New Haven, 1944).Google Scholar
  6. C. W. Churchman, The Design of Inquiring Systems (Free Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1968).Google Scholar
  7. L. Fleck, Enstehung und Entwicklung einer Wissenschaftlichen Tatsache ,(B. Schwabe and Co., Basel, 1935).Google Scholar
  8. N. R. Hanson, Patterns of Discovery (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1958).Google Scholar
  9. G. Hempel, Aspects of Scientific Explanations (Free Press, New York, 1965).Google Scholar
  10. M. Hesse, Forces and Fields (Thomas Nelson and Sons, Ltd., London, 1961).Google Scholar
  11. G. Holton, Thematic Origins of Scientific Thought: Kepler to Einstein (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1973).Google Scholar
  12. C. Houson, Method and Appraisal of the Physical Sciences (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. W. C. Humphreys, Anomalies and Scientific Theories (Freeman, Cooper, and Co., San Francisco, 1968).Google Scholar
  14. K. Hübner, Kritik der Wissenschaftlichen Vernunft (Verlag Karl Alber, Freiburg/München, 1978).Google Scholar
  15. F. Händle and S. Jensen, editors, System-Theorie und Systemmechanik (Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung GmGH, München, 1974).Google Scholar
  16. T. S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions ,Second Edition (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1970).Google Scholar
  17. I. Lakatos and A. Musgrave, editors, Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1970).Google Scholar
  18. E. Lazlo, Introduction to Systems Philosophy (Harper and Row, New York, 1973).Google Scholar
  19. S. Lindholm, Vetenslcap, Verklighet och Paradigm (Science, Reality, and Paradigms) (Gebers, Stockholm, 1979).Google Scholar
  20. B. E. Notting, The Human Element in Research Management (Amsterdam, 1959).Google Scholar
  21. J. Piaget, Main Trends in Interdisciplinary Research (Allan and Unwin, London, 1973).Google Scholar
  22. K. Popper, Unended Quest (Fontana/Collins, Glasgow, 1976).Google Scholar
  23. H. F. Spinner, Begründung, Kritik und Rationalitat, Bd I (Vieweg und Sohn, Braunschweig, 1977).Google Scholar
  24. H. F. Spinner, Theorien und Metatheorien (mimeo) (Suhrkampf Franfurtam, Main, 1972).Google Scholar
  25. C. P. Snow, The Two Cultures and a Second Look (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1964).Google Scholar
  26. F. Suppe, The Structure of Scientific Theories (University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 1970).Google Scholar
  27. W. Steegmüller, Theoriendynamik (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1973).Google Scholar
  28. S. Toulmin, Human Understanding ,Vol. 1 (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1972).Google Scholar
  29. H. Törnebohm, “An Essay on Knowledge-Formation,” Z. Allg. Wissenschaftstheorie ,VI/I (1975).Google Scholar
  30. H. Törnebohm, A Paradigm Shift in Theories of Gravitation (Akademiförlaget, Stockholm, 1977).Google Scholar
  31. H. Törnebohm, “Forskningsstrategier” (“Research Strategies”), No. 113 in Reports from the Department of Theory of Science ,No. 1, Göteborg (1979).Google Scholar
  32. H. Törnebohm, “Förklaringar, Teorier och Modeller” (“Explanations, Theories, and Models”), No. 110 in Reports from the Department of Theory of Sciences ,No. 1, Göteborg (1979).Google Scholar
  33. H. Törnebohm, “Inquiring Systems and Paradigms,” in Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos ,R. S. Cohen, P. Feyerabend, and M. W. Wartofsky, editors (Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht, 1976).Google Scholar
  34. H. Törnebohm, “Om Forskningsfält II. Tre Fallstudier från Fysikens Äldre Historia. Arkimedes, Torricelli och Newton” (“Fields of Research II. Three Case Studies from the History of Physics. Archimedes, Torricelli, and Newton”), No. 82 in Reports from the Department of Theory of Science ,No. 1, Göteborg (1976).Google Scholar
  35. H. Törnebohm, “Paradigm i Vetenskapsteorin. Del I” (“Paradigms in the Theory of Science. Part I”), No. 91 in Reports from the Department of Theory of Science ,No. 1, Göteborg (1977).Google Scholar
  36. H. Törnebohm, “Paradigm i Vetenskapsteorin. Del II” (“Paradigms in the Theory of Science. Part II”), No. 100 in Reports from the Department of Theory of Science ,No. 1, Göteborg (1978).Google Scholar
  37. H. Törnebohm, “Paradigms in Fields of Research,” in The Logic and Epistemology of Scientific Change ,I. Niiniluoto and R. Tuomela, editors (Amsterdam, 1979).Google Scholar
  38. H. Törnebohm, “Vetenskapskritik” (“Science Critique”), No. 102 in Reports from the Department of Theory of Science ,No. 1, Göteborg (1978).Google Scholar
  39. H. Törnebohm, “Vetenskapsteori och Kontrollerande Vetenskapkritik” (“Theory of Science and Con trolling Science Critique”), No. 105 in Reports from the Department of Theory of Science ,No. 1, Göteborg (1978).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Håkan Törnebohm
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

Personalised recommendations