Biology, hitherto, did not contribute considerably to the foundations of physics. On the other hand it expects its basic problems to be solved by physics.1 Biology, being essentially the study of life, ßιοσ, its main problem is: what is life? The question must have been asked innumerable times without finding a satisfactory answer. This is an unusual situation, experimental science being based on the experience that Nature answers intelligent questions intelligently. If she is silent, something may be wrong about the question. The question is wrong, because science rarely asks what things are, and is mostly contented with working on how they behave. Newton never asked what gravitation was.


Electron Acceptor Atomic Nucleus Electron Affinity Atomic Group Satisfactory Answer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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References and Notes

  1. 1.
    A. Szent-Györgyi, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 74, 2844–2847 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. D. Dakin and H. V. Dudley, J. Biol. Chem. 14, 155–157 (1913).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Neuberg, Biochem. Z. 49, 502–506 (1913).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. R. C. Gascoyne and A. Szent-Györgyi, Biol. Bull 159, 474 (1980).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Pethig and A. Szent-Györgyi, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 74, 226–228 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Bone and R. Pethig, Submolecular Biology and Cancer (Ciba Foundation Symposium 67, new series 1979), pp. 83–105.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert Szent-Györgyi
    • 1
  1. 1.National Foundation for Cancer ResearchMarine Biological LaboratoryWoods HoleUSA

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