The 20th century philosophy has mummified our understanding of the mind. Instead of exploring the creative and extraordinary aspects of mind, it continually attempted to reduce it to the scope of activities characteristic of pigeons. If you use the pigeon methodology, you are bound to arrive at a pigeonlike understanding. Let me try to trace the historical circumstances that led to the elevation of the pigeon methodology as the tool of universal understanding. One terminological note: when I say “the 20th century philosophy,” I mainly mean empiricist-bound, analytically oriented philosophy of the Anglo-Saxon persuasion that dominates our present universities and that has exerted a considerable influence on our thinking all over the globe in the second part of the 20th century.


Ecological Theory Classical Notion Rationalist Theory Ecological Conception Cosmological Unity 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henryk Skolimowski
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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