Two mutually contradictory trends can be discerned in cosmology during the past few decades. On one hand, there has been a huge development, both in quantity and in quality, of cosmological data. On the other hand, there has been a long-lasting stagnation as regards results concerning the fundamental questions of present-day cos mology. For example, the central question posed by the standard cosmological theory, whether the Universe is open or closed, has remained unanswered.


Cosmic Time Equilibrium Theory Hubble Constant Cosmological Evolution Standard Cosmology 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toivo Jaakkola
    • 1
  1. 1.Observatory and Astrophysics LaboratoryUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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