The Organization of the Centers for the Study and Preservation of Semen in France
Because of religous and moral opposition, Artificial Insemination with Donor Semen(AID) in France long remained what was essentially a clandestine practice carried out by a limited number of private gynecologists who used fresh donor semen.1 It was not until the creation in 1973 of the first two sperm banks in Paris at Necker and Bicêtre hospitals that AID was accepted as a service of the Public Hospitals. This has greatly assisted the development of AID by facilitating its practice and enabling government authorities to recognize it officially. Therefore, its development has been directly linked to that of sperm banks and semen preservation. Artificial insemination with fresh semen practiced only by gynecologists in private practice in France is steadily regressing due to the installation of a network of sperm banks serving the entire country.
KeywordsPrivate Practice Artificial Insemination Donor Semen Sperm Bank Fresh Semen
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- 1.Chosson, J., Caderas de Kerleau, J., Merger, R., Hartemann, J, and Louyot, S. Etude medico-sociale de l’insemination artificielle. Bul. Fed. Spc. Gyn. et Obst. de langue fran çaise, 1 bis:309, 1957.Google Scholar