Effects of Freezing on Spermatozoa Motility

  • Catherine Serres
  • Pierre Jouannet
  • Françoise Czyglik
  • Georges David


A decrease in spermatozoa motility is the most striking effect of semen freezing. Although motility is the semen characteristic which correlates best with fertility in bovines,1 the same type of relation has yet to be demonstrated in man.2-6 Nevertheless, the majority of investigators who have evaluated the effect of freezing techniques or frozen storage on the gamete have chosen motility as their primary parameter. This choice may be due, in part, to the simplicity of estimating motility by microscopic examination. Unfortunately, the examination of one drop of semen between a glass slide and coverslip is very subjective and can be the source of many errors. Accordingly, it is difficult to make valid comparisons among samples tested under different experimental conditions or in different laboratories.7


Spermatozoon Motility Seminal Plasma Semen Characteristic Characteristic Velocity Human Spermatozoon 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine Serres
    • 1
  • Pierre Jouannet
    • 1
  • Françoise Czyglik
    • 1
  • Georges David
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre d’Etude et de Conservation du Sperme (CECOS)Paris-Bicêtre, Kremlin-BicêtreFrance

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