Present Status of Aid and Sperm Banks in The United States

  • John H. Olson


The current status of cryobanking utilizing frozen-thawed human semen in the United States is an ever changing clinical and research application in human reproduction. Since Spallanzani, over 200 years ago, first reported data concerning his observations on the effects of low temperatures on human spermatozoa, the concept of cryobanking as utilized in the United States was essentially non existent until the middle nineteen fifties when Sherman and Bunge first presented a method of cryopreservation along with demonstrating that frozenthawed human spermatozoa was capable of in vivo fertilization with resulting normal embryonic development.1,2


Artificial Insemination Human Spermatozoon Human Semen Donor Semen Normal Embryonic Development 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • John H. Olson
    • 1
  1. 1.Cryogenic Laboratories, Inc.RosevilleUSA

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