Environmental Noise, “Adaptation” and Pathological Change

  • Bruce L. Welch


The body is physiologically responsive to stimulation of the auditory nerve by sound even during sleep, under anaesthesia and, indeed, even after the cerebral hemispheres have been removed (1).


Cerebral Hemisphere Auditory Nerve Environmental Noise Neuronal System Psychosomatic Medicine 
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  1. 1.
    Ward, A.A., 1953. Central nervous system effects. BENOX REPORT: An Exploratory Study of the Biological Effects of Noise. The University of Chicago, Office of Naval Research Project NR 144079, Contract N6 ori-020 Task Order 44. pp. 73–80.Google Scholar
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    Mason, J.W., 1968. Organization of psychoendocrine mechanisms. Psychosomatic Medicine 30:565–808.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Welch, B.L., 1965. Psychophysiological response to the mean level of environmental stimulation: a theory of environmental integration. In: Medical Aspects of Stress in the Military Climate, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. pp. 39–99.Google Scholar
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    Welch, B.L. and Welch, A.S., 1969. Sustained effects of brief daily stress (fighting) upon brain and adrenal catecholamines and adrenal, spleen and heart weights of mice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States 64:100–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Wolf, S. and H. Goodell, 1968. Harold G. Wolff’s Stress and Disease (2nd Ed). C.C. Thomas, Publ., Springfield, Illinois.Google Scholar
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    Welch, W.H., 1897. Adaptation in pathological processes. Published in 1937 in Fourth Series of Bibliotheca Americana, Institute of History of Medicine, Vol. 3, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, pp. 284–310.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce L. Welch
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Neurobiology, Friends of Psychiatric Research and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, School of MedicineJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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