Human Studies of Epileptic Seizures Induced by Sound and Their Conditioned Extinction

  • Francis M. Forster


In considering the untoward effects of auditory stimulation the most important and obvious instances are those where the auditory stimulus is unpleasant for the vast majority of people (for example, sonic booms or the screaming of sirens) or where it is reasonably unpleasant for a percentage of the population yet may be harmful even to those who find it pleasant (rock and roll music). The untoward and unpleasant effects of these auditory stimuli affect large numbers of people. This paper deals with a small select group of patients who by their own predisposition are harmed by auditory stimulation which for others is entirely neutral (for example, telephone bells or even pleasurable music). In these patients the auditory stimulus evokes a seizure because they are in that group of patients afflicted with what is referred to as sensory-evoked or reflex epilepsy.


Auditory Stimulus Auditory Stimulation Sonic Boom Clonic Movement Startling Auditory Stimulus 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis M. Forster
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurology, School of MedicineUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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