Hypertension of Renal Origin in Childhood

  • Michel Broyer
  • Jean-Louis Bacri


From 1960 to 1980, 280 children and adolescents were referred to the pediatric nephrology department of the hospital “des Enfants Malades” in Paris for hypertension (HT). This series was defined by a diastolic blood pressure (BP) > 90 mm Hg. Of these 280 patients, the hypertension in 86% (240) was of renal origin. This percentage is an overestimation of the frequency of renal causes of childhood HT since these patients were referred to a specialized service. However, the amount is in accordance with previous studies performed under the same conditions; Still and Cotton found renal causes in 70% (1), Gill et al. in 83% (2), Royer et al. in 90% (3), and Aderele and Siriki in 95% (4). In contrast, Londe et al. found renal causes in only 5% but here hypertension was defined by the 97.5th percentile (5).


Renal Artery Renal Vein Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Renal Ischemia Renal Vein Thrombosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Still, J.L. and Cotton, D.: Severe Hypertension in Childhood. Arch. Dis. Child. 42: 34, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gill, D.G., Mendes da Costa, B., Cameron, J.S., et al.; Analysis of 100 children with severe and persistent hypertension. Arch. Dis. Child. 51: 951, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Royer, P., Habib, R., Mathieu, H. et al.: Nephrol. Pediatr. Flammarion Medecine, 2 erne edition, p. 333, 1975.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aderele, W.I. and Seriki, O.: Hypertension in Nigerian children. Arch. Dis. Child. 49: 313, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Londe, S., Bourgoignie, J.J., Robson, A.M. and Goldring, D.: Hypertension in apparently normal children. J. Pediatr. 78: 569, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Habib, R., Courtecuisse, V., Ehrensperger, J. et al.: Hypoplasie segmentaire du rein avec hypertension arterielle chez l’enfant. Ann. Pediatr. 12: 262, 1965.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Olivier, C., Broyer, M. and Habib, R. In XXIV Congres de l’Association des Pediatres de Langue Francaise, Paris. l’Expansion Scientifique, vol. 1, p. 43, 1975.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Broyer
    • 1
  • Jean-Louis Bacri
    • 1
  1. 1.Serv. Nephrol. Pediatr.Hôpital Necker Enfants-MaladesParisFrance

Personalised recommendations