Defect Structures at Surfaces

  • J. Lapujoulade
Part of the Physics of Solids and Liquids book series (PSLI)


A crystal is characterized by a three-dimensional periodic atomic structure and a perfect crystal plane possesses the same property in two dimensions. Most of the theoretical studies of the properties of crystal surfaces deal with the properties of such crystal planes. A crystal plane is characterized by a unit cell defined by two unit vectors. The plane structure is invariant with respect to a translation by a multiple of these unit vectors.


Surface Defect Scanning Tunnel Microscopy Break Bond Vicinal Surface Monoatomic Step 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Mundshau, E. Bauer, and W. Swiech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 203, 412 (1988).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Comsa and B. Poelsma, Appl. Phys. A38, 153 (1985).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. E. Tommei, A. C. Levi, and R. Spadacini, Surf. Sci. 125, 312 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Armand and B. Salanon, Surf. Sci 217, 341 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Lapujoulade, Surf. Sci. 108, 317 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Armand and B. Salanon, Surf. Sci. 217, 317 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. Allan and J. Wach, in: Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Solid Surfaces CANNES 1980 (D. A. Degras and M. Costa, eds.) p. 11, Le Vide, Les couches Minces Suppl. No. 201 (1980).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Wynnblatt, Phys. Status Solidi 36, 797 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Haug, Theoretical Solid State Physics, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1972).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. M. Blakely and R. L. Schwoebel, Surf. Sci. 26, 321 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. C. Desjonqueres, J. Phys. (Paris), Colloq. C3, Suppl. No. 4, 41, C3–243 (1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    W. K. Burton, N. Cabrera, and F. C. Frank, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 243, 299 (1951).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. M. Kosterlitz and D. J. Thouless, J. Phys. C 6, 1181 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Nozieres and F. Galley, J. Phys. (Paris) 48, 353 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. D. Weeks, in: Ordering in Strongly Fluctuating Matter (T. Riste, ed.), p. 293, Plenum Press, New York (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. T. Chui and J. D. Weeks, Phys. Rev. B 14, 4978 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. M. Kosterlitz, J. Phys. C 7, 1046 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    W. J. Shugard, J. D. Weeks, and G. H. Gilmer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1399 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. van Beijeren, Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 993 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. H. Lieb, Phys. Rev. Lett. 18, 1046 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Youngblood, J. D. Axe, and B. M. McCoy, Phys. Rev. B 21, 2512 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    K. A. Jackson and D. E. Miller, J. Cryst. Growth 40, 169 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Balibar and B. Castaing, J. Phys. Lett. (Paris) 41, L329 (1980);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 23a.
    J. E. Avon, L. S. Balfour, L. G. Kupfer, J. Landau, S. G. Libson, and L. S. Schumann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 814 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 24.
    J. C. Heyraud and J. J. Metois, Surf. Sci. 128, 334 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 25.
    J. C. Heyraud and J. J. Metois, Surf. Sci. 177, 213 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 26.
    J. C. Heyraud, Thesis, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques de St-Jerome, Universitě d’Aix-Marseille, France (1987).Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    K. Yamashita, H. P. Bonzel, and H. Ibach, Appl. Phys. 25, 231 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 28.
    S. G. J. Mochrie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 304 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 29.
    G. A. Held, J. L. Jordan-Sweet, P. M. Horn, A. Mak, and R. J. Birgeneau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2075 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 30.
    P. Zeppenfeld, K. Kern, R. David and G. Comsa, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 63 (1988).Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    G. E. Rhead and J. Perdereau, in: Colloque International sur la structure et les propriétés des surfaces des solides, Editions du CNRS, Paris (1969).Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    H. J. Schultz, J. Phys. (Paris) 46, 257 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 33.
    J. Villain, D. R. Grempel, and J. Lapujoulade, J. Phys. F 15, 804 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 34.
    E. H. Conrad, L. R. Aten, D. L. Blanchard, and T. Engel, Surf. Sci. 187, 1017 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 35.
    E. H. Conrad, R. M. Aten, D. S. Kaufman, L. R. Allen, T. Engel, M. den Nijs, and E. K. Riedel, J. Chem. Phys. 84, 1015 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 35a.
    E. H. Conrad, R. M. Aten, D. S. Kaufman, L. R. Allen, T. Engel, M. den Nijs, and E. K. Riedel, Erratum 85, 4756 (1986).Google Scholar
  38. 36.
    B. Salanon, F. Fabre, D. Gorse, J. Lapujoulade, and W. Selke, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A6, 655 (1988);Google Scholar
  39. 36a.
    B. Salanon, F. Fabre, J. Lapujoulade, and W. Selke, Phys. Rev. B 38, 7385 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 37.
    F. Fabre, D. Gorse, J. Lapujoulade, and B. Salanon, Europhys. Lett. 3, 737 (1987);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 37a.
    F. Fabre, D. Gorse, B. Salanon, and J. Lapujoulade, J. Phys. (Paris) 48, 2447 (1987).Google Scholar
  42. 38.
    F. Fabre, B. Salanon, and J. Lapujoulade, Solid State Commun. 64, 1125 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 39.
    K. S. Liang, E. B. Sirota, K. L. d’Amico, G. J. Hughes, and S. K. Sinha, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2447 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 40.
    D. Gorse, Thesis, Université de Paris—Sud, Orsay, France (1986).Google Scholar
  45. 41.
    F. Fabre, D. Gorse, B. Salanon, and J. Lapujoulade, Surf. Sci. 175, L693 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Lapujoulade
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de Physique des Atomes et des SurfacesCentre d’Etudes Nucléaires de SaclayGif-sur-Yvette CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations