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William B. Heed: A Biography

  • James C. Fogleman
Part of the Monographs in Evolutionary Biology book series (MEBI)

Abstract

William B. Heed was born in 1926 in West Chester, Pennsylvania, the county seat of Chester County, 30 miles west of Philadelphia. His father, John B. R. Heed, was a broker and a respected member of the Council for the Borough of West Chester. His mother, Margaret Lewis Heed, kept a garden that was the envy of the neighborhood. She raised three children and was an active member of the Methodist Church.

Keywords

Host Plant Sonoran Desert Inversion Polymorphism Host Plant Specificity Yeast Flora 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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William B. Heed: Publications

  1. Robins, C. R., and Heed, W. B., 1951, Bird notes from la Joya de Salas, Tamaulipas, Wilson Bull. 63:263–270.Google Scholar
  2. Martin, P. S., Robins, C. R., and Heed, W. B., 1954, Birds and biogeography of the Sierra de Tamaulipas, an isolated pine-oak habitat, Wilson Bull. 66:38–57.Google Scholar
  3. Heed, W. B., 1956, Apuntes sobre la ecologia y la dispersion de los Drosophilidae (Diptera) de El Salvador, Commun. Inst. Trop. Invest. Cient. No. 2–3:59–74.Google Scholar
  4. Carson, H. L., Wheeler, M. R., and Heed, W. B., 1957, A parthenogenetic strain of Drosophila managabeirai Malogolowkin, Univ. Tex. Pubis 5721:115–122.Google Scholar
  5. Heed, W. B., 1957a, Intraspecific relationships of Drosophila crocina Patterson and Mainland from three localities, Univ. Tex. Pubis 5721:15–16.Google Scholar
  6. Heed, W. B., 1957b, Ecological and distributional notes on the Drosophilidae (Diptera) of El Salvador, Univ. Tex. Pubis 5721:62–78.Google Scholar
  7. Heed, W. B., 1957c, A preliminary note on the cardini group of Drosophila in the Lesser Antilles, Univ. Tex. Pubis 5721:123–124.Google Scholar
  8. Heed, W. B., 1957d, An attempt to detect hybrid matings between D. mulleri and D. aldrichi under natural conditions, Univ. Tex. Pubis 5721:182–185.Google Scholar
  9. Heed, W. B., and Wheeler, M. R., 1957, Thirteen new species in the genus Drosophila from the Neotropical region, Univ. Tex. Pubis 5721:17–38.Google Scholar
  10. Heed, W. B., and Krishnamurthy, N. B., 1959, Genetic studies on the cardini group of Drosophila in the West Indies, Univ. Tex. Pubis 5914:155–179.Google Scholar
  11. Heed, W. B., 1960a, Ecology and abnormal karyotypes of D. orbospiracula,Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 34:84.Google Scholar
  12. Heed, W. B., 1960b, Genetic, cytological and morphological clines in island populations of the cardini species group of Drosophila in the West Indies, Records of Genetics Soc. of Amer. No. 29:73 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  13. Heed, W. B., Carson, H. L., and Carson, M. S., 1960, A list of flowers utilized by drosophilids in the Bogota region of Columbia, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 34:84–85.Google Scholar
  14. Heed, W. B., 1962a, Genetic characteristics of island populations. Univ. Tex. Pubis 6205:173–206.Google Scholar
  15. Heed, W. B., 1962b, Review of B. Rensch’s Evolution Above the Species Level,Amer. J. phys. Anthrop. 20:408–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Heed, W. B., Russell, J., and Harrington, D., 1962, Diversity and density of Drosophila in the immediate vicinity of Tucson with special reference to D. pseudoobscura,Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 36:73–74.Google Scholar
  17. Heed, W. B., 1963, Density and distribution of Drosophila polymorpha and its color alleles in South America, Evolution 17:502–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heed, W. B., and Blake, P., 1963, A new color allele at the e locus of Drosophila polymorpha from northern South America, Genetics 48:217–234.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Heed, W. B., and Russell, J., 1963, Cytological studies in the cardini superspecies of Drosophila, Proc. XI Int. Cong. Genet. 1:139 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  20. Carson, H. L., and Heed, W. B., 1964, Structural homozygosity in marginal populations of Nearctic and Neotropical species of Drosophila in Florida, Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. USA 52:427–430.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pipkin, S. B., and Heed, W. B., 1964, Nine new members of the Drosophilatripunctata species group (Diptera:Drosophilidae), Pacif. Insects 6:256–273.Google Scholar
  22. Heed, W. B., and Kircher, H. W., 1965, A unique sterol in the ecology and nutrition of Drosophila pachea, Science 149:758–761.Google Scholar
  23. Heed, W. B., and Russell, J. S., 1965, Inversion differences between island and continental species in the cardini species group of Drosophila, Genetics 52:s447–s448 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  24. Patton, J. L., and Heed, W. B., 1965, Elevational differences in gene arrangements of D. pseudoobscura in the Santa Catalina Mountains, Tucson, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 40:69.Google Scholar
  25. Heed, W. B., and Jensen, R. W., 1966, Drosophila ecology of the senita cactus, Lophocereus schottii,Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 41:100.Google Scholar
  26. Patton, J. L., Heed, W. B., and Lowe, C. H., 1966, Inversion frequency analysis of Drosophila pseudoobscura in the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona, J. Ariz. Acad. Sci. 4:105–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kircher, H. W., Heed, W. B., Russell, J. S., and Grove, J., 1967, Senita cactus alkaloids: their significance to Sonoran Desert Drosophila ecology, J. Insect Physiol. 13:1869–1874.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lowe, C. H., Heed, W. B., and Halpern, E. A., 1967, Supercooling of the saguaro species Drosophila nigrospiracula in the Sonoran Desert, Ecology 48:984–985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Heed, W. B., 1968, Ecology of the Hawaiian Drosophilidae. Univ. Tex. Pubis 6618:387–419.Google Scholar
  30. Heed, W. B, and Russell, J. S., 1968a, Inability of D. pachea to breed in cereus cacti other than senita, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 43:94–96.Google Scholar
  31. Heed, W. B., and Russell, J. S., 1968b, Inversion replacement vs. fixation in the cardini species group of Drosophila, Proc. XII Int. Cong. Genet. 1:321 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  32. Heed, W. B., Russell, J. S., and Ward, B. L., 1968, Host specificity of cactiphilic Drosophila in the Sonoran Desert, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 43:94–95.Google Scholar
  33. Heed, W. B., Crumpacker, W., and Ehrman, L., 1969, Drosophila lowei a new american member of the obscura species group, Ann. ent. Soc. Am. 62:388–393.Google Scholar
  34. Kircher, H. W., and Heed, W. B., 1970, Phytochemistry and host-plant specificity in Drosophila, Adv. Phytochem. 3:191–209.Google Scholar
  35. Rockwood, E. S., Johnston, J. S., and Heed, W. B., 1970, Allozyme variation in natural populations of Drosophila pachea,Genetics 64:s53 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  36. Ward, B. L., and Heed, W. B., 1970, Chromosome phylogeny of Drosophilapachea and related species, J. Hered. 61:248–258.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Heed, W. B., 1971, Host plant specificity and speciation in Hawaiian Drosophila,Taxon 20:115–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Heed, W. B., and Russell, J. S., 1971, Phylogeny and population structure in island and continental species of the cardini groups of Drosophila studied by inversion analysis, Univ. Tex. Pubis 7103:91–130.Google Scholar
  39. Johnston, J. S., and Heed, W. B., 1971, Comparison of banana and rotted cactus as a bait for desert Drosophila,Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 46:96.Google Scholar
  40. Kambysellis, M. P., and Heed, W. B., 1971, Studies of oogenesis in natural populations of Drosophilidae I. Relation of ovarian development and ecological habits of the Hawaiian species, Am. Nat. 105:31–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Fellows, D. P., and Heed, W. B., 1972, Factors affecting host plant selec­tion in desert-adapted cactiphilic Drosophila,Ecology 53:850–858.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Heed, W. B., 1972, Distribution extensions and gene arrangements for D. parthenogenetica and D. montana,Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 48:100.Google Scholar
  43. Heed, W. B., and Heed, S. R., 1972, Ecology, weather, and dispersal of Drosophila on an island mountain, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 48:100–101.Google Scholar
  44. Spieth, H. T., and Heed, W. B., 1972, Ecological and experimental systematics in Drosophila,Annu. Rev. Ecol. & Syst. 3:269–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Heed, W. B., 1973, Ecology and dispersal in Hawaiian Drosophila, Proc. XIII. Int. Cong. Genet.,Genetics 74:s113.Google Scholar
  46. Kaneshiro, K. Y., Carson, H. L., Clayton, F. E., and Heed, W. B., 1973, Niche separation in a pair of homosequential Drosophila species from the island of Hawaii, Am. Nat. 107:766–774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rockwood-Sluss, S., Johnston, J. S., and Heed, W. B., 1973, Allozyme genotype-environment relationships I. Variability in natural populations of D. pachea,Genetics 73:135–146.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Baldwin, D. G., and Heed, W. B., 1974, A newly-discovered inversion in the second chromosome of D. pseudoobscura. Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 51:128.Google Scholar
  49. Jefferson, M. C., Johnson, W. R., Baldwin, D. G., and Heed, W. B., 1974, Ecology and comparative cytology of Drosophila on San Pedro Nolasco Island, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 51:65.Google Scholar
  50. Kambysellis, M. P., and Heed, W. B., 1974, Juvenile hormone induces ovarian development in diapausing cave-dwelling Drosophila species, J. Insect Physiol. 20:1779–1786.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. McDonald, J. F., Heed, W. B., and Miranda, M., 1974, The larval nutrition of Minettia flaveola and Phaonia parviceps and its significance to the Hawaiian leaf-breeding Drosophila,Pan-Pacif. Ent. 50:78–82.Google Scholar
  52. Miller, M. W., Phaff, H. J., Heed, W. B., Starmer, W. T., and Miranda, M., 1974, Yeasts associated with Drosophila breeding sites in various species of cactus in desert regions of Arizona and northern Mexico, Fourth International Symp. on Yeasts, pp. 257–258 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  53. Phaff, H. J., Miller, M. W., Miranda, M., Heed, W. B., and Starmer, W. T., 1974, Cryptococcus cereanus, a new species of the genus Cryptococcus,Int. J. Syst. Bact. 24:486–490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Vacek, D. C., Ward, O. G., and Heed, W. B., 1974, Karyotype of D. microme-lanica reared from Gambel Oak in Arizona, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 51:60.Google Scholar
  55. Johnston, J. S., and Heed, W. B., 1975, Dispersal of Drosophila: the effect of baiting on the behavior and distribution of natural populations, Am. Nat. 109:207–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Spieth, H. T., and Heed, W. B., 1975, The Drosophila pinicola species group, Pan-Pacif. Ent. 51:287–295.Google Scholar
  57. Starmer, W. T., Heed, W. B., Miller, M. W., Phaff, H. J., and Miranda, M., 1975, The diversity of yeasts associated with cactiphilic Drosophila,J. Ariz.-Nev. Acad. Sci. 10:12–13.Google Scholar
  58. Ward, B. L., Starmer, W. T., Russell, J. S., and Heed, W. B., 1975, The correlation of climate and host plant morphology with a geographic gradient of an inversion polymorphism in Drosophila pachea,Am. Nat. 109:207–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Heed, W. B., Starmer, W. T., Miranda, M., Miller, M. W., and Phaff, H. J., 1976, An analysis of the yeast flora associated with cactiphilic Drosophila and their host plants in the Sonoran Desert and its relations to temperate and tropical associations, Ecology 57:151–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Johnston, J. S., and Heed, W. B., 1976, Dispersal of desert-adapted Drosophila: the saguaro-breeding D. nigrospiracula, Am. Nat. 110:629–651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Miller, M. W., Phaff, H. J., Miranda, M., Heed, W. B., and Starmer, W. T., 1976, Torulopsis sonorensis, a new species of the genus Torulopsis,Int. J. Syst. Bact. 26:88–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Starmer, W. T., Heed, W. B., Miranda, M., Miller, M. W., and Phaff, H. J., 1976, The ecology of yeast flora associated with cactiphilic Drosophila and their host plants in the Sonoran Desert, Microb. Ecol. 3:11–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Fontdevila, A., Starmer, W. T., Heed, W. B., and Russell, J. S., 1977, Migrant selection in a natural population of Drosophila, Experientia 33:1447–1448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Heed, W. B., 1977, A new cactus-feeding but soil-breeding species of Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae), Proc. ent. Soc. Wash. 79:649–654.Google Scholar
  65. Russell, J. S., Ward, B. L., and Heed, W. B., 1977a, Inversion polymorphism in D. nannoptera, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 52:112.Google Scholar
  66. Russell, J. S., Ward, B. L., and Heed, W. B., 1977b, Sperm storage and hybridization in D. nannoptera and related species, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 52:70.Google Scholar
  67. Starmer, W. T., and Heed, W. B., 1977, The infection of Drosophila cultures by species of the genus Prototheca, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 52:12.Google Scholar
  68. Starmer, W. T., Heed, W. B., and Rockwood-Sluss, E.S., 1977, Extension of longevity in Drosophila mojavensis by environmental ethanol: Differences between subraces, Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. USA 74:387–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Vacek, D. C., Starmer, W. T., and Heed, W. B., 1977, The Y-2 strain of yeast at the Texas stock center is Candida krusei, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 52:80.Google Scholar
  70. Heed, W. B., 1978, Ecology and Genetics of Sonoran Desert Drosophila, in: Ecological Genetics: The Interface (P. F. Brussard, ed.), SpringerVerlag, New York, pp.109–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Vacek, D. C., and Heed, W. B., 1979, The relevance of the ecology of citrus yeasts to the diet of Drosophila, Microb. Ecol. 5:43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Fontdevila, A., Starmer, W. T., Heed, W. B., and Russell, J. S., 1980, Differential mating activity in two coexisting species of cactophilic Drosophila, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 55:165–166.Google Scholar
  73. Kambysellis, M. T., Starmer, W. T., Smathers, G., and Heed, W. B., 1980, Studies in oogenesis in natural populations of Drosophilidae. II. Significance of microclimatic changes on oogenesis of D. mimica, Am. Nat. 115:67–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Fogleman, J. C., and Heed, W. B., 1981, A comparison of the yeast flora in the larval substrates of D. nigrospiracula and D. mettleri, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 56:38–39.Google Scholar
  75. Fogleman, J. C., Hackbarth, K. R., and Heed, W. B., 1981, Behavioral differentiation between two species of cactophilic Drosophila. III. Oviposition site preference, Am. Nat. 118:541–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Fogleman, J. C., Starmer, W. T., and Heed, W. B., 1981a, Utilization of food resources by Drosophila larvae, Genetics 97:s36–37 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  77. Fogleman, J. C., Starmer, W. T., and Heed, W. B., 1981b, Larval selectivity for yeast species by Drosophila mojavensis in natural substrates, Proc. natn. Acad. Sci. USA 78:4435–4439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Heed, W. B., 1981, Central and marginal populations revisited, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 56:60–61.Google Scholar
  79. Young, D. J., Vacek, D. C., and Heed, W. B., 1981, The facultative anaerobic bacteria as a source of alcohols in three breeding substrates of cactophilic Drosophila, Drosoph. Inf. Serv. 56:38–39.Google Scholar
  80. Fogleman, J. C., Heed, W. B., and Kircher, H. W., 1982, Drosophila mettleri and senita alkaloids: fitness measurements and their ecological significance, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 71A:413–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Fogleman, J. C., Starmer, W. T., and Heed W. B., 1982, Comparisons of yeast florae from natural substrates and larval guts of southwestern Drosophila, Oecologia 52:187–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Heed, W. B., 1982, The origin of Drosophila in the Sonoran Desert, in: Ecological Genetics and Evolution: The Cactus-Yeast-Drosophila Model System (J. S. F. Barker, and W. T. Starmer, eds), Academic Press Australia, Sydney, pp. 65–80.Google Scholar
  83. Starmer, W. T., Phaff, H. J., Heed, W. B., Miranda, M., and Miller, M. W., 1982, The yeast flora associated with the decaying stems of columnar cacti and Drosophila in North America, Evol. Biol. 14:269–295.Google Scholar
  84. Carson, H. L., and Heed, W. B., 1983, Methods of collecting Drosophila, in: The Genetics and Biology of Drosophila, Vol. 3d (M. Ashburner, H. L. Carson, and J. N. Thompson, eds), Academic Press, London, pp. 1–28.Google Scholar
  85. Heed, W. B., 1983, Review of: Vol. 3b The Genetics and Biology of Drosophila (M. Ashburner, H. L. Carson, and J. N. Thompson, eds), Amer. Sci. 71:315.Google Scholar
  86. Markow, T. A., Fogleman, J. C., and Heed W. B., 1983, Reproductive isolation in Sonoran Desert Drosophila, Evolution 37:649–652.Google Scholar
  87. Heed, W. B., and Mangan, R. L. 1986, Community ecology of the Sonoran Desert Drosophila, in: The Genetics and Biology of Drosophila, Vol. 3e (M. Ashburner, H. L. Carson, and J. N. Thompson, eds), Academic Press, London, pp. 311–345.Google Scholar
  88. Armengol, R., Sanchez, A., Ruiz, A., Heed, W. B., and Fontdevila, A., 1987, New data on the phylogenetic relationships in the Drosophila mulleri cluster, Tenth European Drosophila Research Conference p. 45 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  89. Etges, W. J., and Heed, W. B., 1987, Sensitivity to larval density in populations of Drosophila mojavensis: Influences of host plant variation on components of fitness, Oecologia 71:375–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Sanchez, A., Armengol, R., Heed, W. B., Cerda, H., Benado, M., and Fontdevila, A., 1987, Allozyme relationships in the mulleri complex (Repleta Group) of Drosophila, Tenth European Drosophila Research Conference p. 221 (Abstr.)Google Scholar
  91. Ruiz, A., and Heed, W. B., 1988, Host-plant specificity in the cactophilic Drosophila mulleri species complex, J. Anim. Ecol. 57:237–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Heed, W. B., 1989, Origin of Drosophila of the Sonoran Desert II. In search for a founder event, in: Genetics, Speciation, and the Founder Principle (L. V. Giddings, K. Y. Kaneshiro, and W. W. Anderson, eds), Oxford Univ. Press, New York, pp. 253–278.Google Scholar
  93. Fogleman, J. C., and Heed, W. B., 1989, Columnar cacti and desert Drosophila: the chemistry of host plant specificity, in: Special Biotic Relationships in the Arid Southwest (J. Schmidt, ed.), Univ. of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
  94. Ruiz, A., Heed, W. B., and Wasserman, M., The evolution of the mojavensis cluster of cactophilic Drosophila with descriptions of two new species, J. Hered. (in press).Google Scholar
  95. Starmer, W. T., Lachance, M., Phaff, H. J., and Heed, W. B., The biogeogra-phy of yeasts associated with decaying cactus in North America, the Caribbean, and northern Venezuela, Evol. Biol, (in press).Google Scholar
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • James C. Fogleman

There are no affiliations available

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