• Klaus D. Timmerhaus
  • Thomas M. Flynn
Part of the The International Cryogenics Monograph Series book series (ICMS)


Cryogenic engineering is the application of low-temperature science to practical problems. The lower end of the cryogenic scale is conveniently fixed at absolute zero. The upper end of the cryogenic region is less specific but certainly less than any natural temperature recorded on earth. Minus 150°C, where some common gases condense and form liquids, is a useful working value. This upper limit is purely one of choice, since there is no single outstanding event that clearly defines it.


Liquid Helium Josephson Junction Superconducting Magnet Liquid Hydrogen Liquid Oxygen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus D. Timmerhaus
    • 1
  • Thomas M. Flynn
    • 2
  1. 1.University of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Ball Aerospace Systems GroupBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations