Amorphous Photovoltaics

  • David Adler
  • Stanford R. Ovshinsky
Part of the Institute for Amorphous Studies Series book series (IASS)


The only obstacle to the immediate widespread use of solar cells is the enormous cost of conventional crystalline-silicon solar cells. The problem lies in the production of crystalline-silicon arrays:
  • • Crystalline silicon must be 100 μm thick. This intrinsic requirement cannot be overcome.

  • • Crystals now are pulled from the melt, which limits the diameter of single solar cells to 10 cm.

  • • More than half of the material is lost during cutting and polishing.


Solar Cell Crystalline Silicon Internal Field Stainless Steel Substrate Solar Cell Application 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. (1).
    Ovshinsky, S. R. In “Amorphous and Liquid Semiconductors”; Spear W. E., Ed.; C.I.C.L.: University of Edinburgh, U.K., 1977; p. 519.Google Scholar
  2. (2).
    Carlson, D. E.; Wronski, C. R.; Pankove, J. I.; Zanzucchi, P. J.; Staebler, D. L. RCA Rev. 1977, 38, 211.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. (3).
    Ovshinsky S. R.; Adler, D. Contemp. Phys. 1978, 19, 109.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. (4).
    Ovshinsky, S. R. In “Physical Properties of Amorphous Materials”; Adler, D.; Schwartz, B. B.; Steele, M. C., Eds.; Plenum Press: New York, N.Y., 1985; p. 105.Google Scholar
  5. (5).
    Madan, A.; Le Comber, P. G.; Spear, W. E. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 1976, 20, 239.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. (6).
    Chittick, R. C; Alexander, J. H.; Sterling, H. F., J. Electrochem. Soc. 1969, 116, 77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. (7).
    Spear, W. E.; Le Comber, P. G. Solid State Commun. 1975, 17, 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. (8).
    Yang, J.; Mohr, R.; Ross, R. Tech. Dig. Int. PVSEC-1, Kobe, Jpn. 1984, p. 1.Google Scholar
  9. (9).
    Adler, D.; Silver, M; Madan, A.; Czubatyj, W. J. Appl. Phys. 1980, 51, 6429.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. (10).
    Adler, D. In “Semiconductors and Semimetals”; Willardson, R. K.; Beer, A. C., Eds.; Academic Press: New York, N.Y., 1984; Vol. 21A, p. 291.Google Scholar
  11. (11).
    Catalano, A.; D’Aiello, R. V.; Dresner, J.; Faughnan, B.; Firester, A.; Kane, J.; Shade, H.; Smith, Z. E.; Swartz, G.; Triano, A. In “Proceedings of the 16th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference”; IEEE: New York, N.Y., 1982; p. 1421.Google Scholar
  12. (12).
    Kuwano, Y. Oyo Denshi Bussei Bunkakat 1980, 385, 17.Google Scholar
  13. (13).
    Ovshinsky, S. R.; Adler, D. Nikkei Sci. 1983, 13(9), 60.Google Scholar
  14. (14).
    Ovshinsky, S. R.; Madan, A. Nature 1978, 276, 482.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. (15).
    Matsumura, H.; Furukawa, S. In “Amorphous Semiconductor Technologies and Devices”; Hamakawa, Y., Ed.; North-Holland: Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1980; p. 88.Google Scholar
  16. (16).
    Adler, D. Sol. Cells 1983, 9, 133.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. (17).
    Ovshinsky, S. R. Tech. Dig. Int. PVSEC-1, Kobe, Jpn. 1984, p. 577.Google Scholar
  18. (18).
    Madan, A.; Ovshinsky, S. R.; Benn, E. Philos. Mag. 1979, 40, 259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. (19).
    Shur, M.; Czubatyj, W.; Madan, A. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 1980, 35–36, 731.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. (20).
    Oda, S.; Yamaguchi, M.; Hanna, J.; Ishihara, S.; Fujiwara, R.; Kawate, S.; Shimizu, I. Tech. Dig. Int. PVSEC-1, Kobe, Jpn. 1984, p. 429.Google Scholar
  21. (21).
    Adler, D. In “Physical Properties of Amorphous Materials”; Adler, D.; Schwartz, B. B.; Steele, M. C., Eds.; Plenum Press: New York, N.Y., 1985; p. 5.Google Scholar
  22. (22).
    Hudgens, S. J.; Johncock, A. G. In “Materials Issues in Applications of Amorphous Silicon Technology”; Adler, D.; Madan, A.; Thompson, M. J., Eds.; MRS: Pittsburgh, Pa., 1985; p. 368.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Adler
    • 1
  • Stanford R. Ovshinsky
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Energy Conversion Devices, Inc.MichiganUSA

Personalised recommendations