Biology and Culture of Sturgeon Acipenseriformes

  • Sergei I. Doroshov


The annual world sturgeon catch has ranged from 20,000 to 40,000 metric tons during the past fifty years and, as such, has been less significant than the catch of many other commercial fisheries. However, because of the sturgeon’s high value as a food and game fish, this fishery has far exceeded the importance and monetary returns of many others. The value of the fish, combined with the rapid decline of wild sturgeon stocks, prompted fish culturists to initiate artificial propagation of sturgeon over 100 years ago (Ovsjanikov, 1870; Green, 1879, quoted by Kozin, 1964). The USSR has developed large-scale artificial propagation and ranching of sturgeon in the Caspian and Azov Seas. This ranching implies the artificial spawning of wild-caught broodstock, release of fingerlings into the natural ecosystem and the expectation of harvesting sexually mature sturgeon stock after 20 years of fattening in the sea (Marti, 1979). Thus, sturgeon remain wild animals and no progress in their domestication has been achieved up to the present time.


Green Sturgeon White Sturgeon Siberian Sturgeon Lake Sturgeon Russian Sturgeon 
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© James F. Muir and Ronald J. Roberts 1985

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  • Sergei I. Doroshov

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