The Role of Dietary Fibre in Fish Nutrition

  • Simon J. Davies


Nutritional researchers have successfully identified many nutrients essential to the growth and health of animals and man. However, as each essential dietary component was identified and added to a purified diet, the crude fibre or indigestible organic fraction of the diets became reduced. This is particularly the case for man as a consequence of modern milling methods that remove fibre from natural feed ingredients together with the increasing consumption of refined foods rich in sugar and fat.


Rainbow Trout Dietary Fibre Experimental Diet Protein Efficiency Ratio Inclusion Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ali R., Staub, H., Coccodrilli G., Jr and Schanbacher, L. (1981) Nutritional significance of dietary fibre: Effect on nutrient bioavailability and selected gastrointestinal functions. J. Agrie. Food Chem., 29, pp. 465–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alliot, E. and Bocquet, J. (1967) Presence d’un systeme enzymatique chitinolytique dans le tube digestif d’un selacien: Scylliorhinus canícula. CR. Soc. Biol., 161, pp. 840–5Google Scholar
  3. Austreng, E. (1978) Digestibility determination in fish using chromic oxide marking and analysis of contents from different segments of the gastrointestinal tract. Aquaculture, 13, pp.265–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bergot F. (1981) Etude de l’utilisation digestive d’une cellulose purifiée chez la truite arc-en-ciel (Salmo gairdneri) et la carpe commune (Cyprinus carpió). Reprod. Nutr. Develop., 21, pp. 83–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bondi, A., Spandorf, A. and Calmi, R. (1957) The digestibility of fibre in diets for carp. Bamidgeh., 9, p. 13Google Scholar
  6. Buhler D.R. and Halver, J.E. (1961) Nutrition of salmonid fishes. IX. The carbohydrate requirement of chinook salmon. J. Nutr., 74, pp. 307–18Google Scholar
  7. Cho, C.Y. and Slinger, S.J. (1977) Significance of digestibility measurement in formulation of feeds for rainbow trout. Proc. 13th Annu. Nutr. Conf. Feed. Manuf. Toronto, Can., 4–6 May. pp. 15–19Google Scholar
  8. Colin, D.A. and Peres, G. (1971) Etude comparee des systèmes enzymatiques chitinolvtiques du tube digestif de quelques teleosteens marins. Ann. Inst. Micehl Pacha., 4, pp.1–9Google Scholar
  9. Corning, T. (1980) The adaptation of digestive enzymes to the diet. Reprod. Nutr. Develop., 20, pp.1217–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cowey, C.B. and Sargent, J.R. (1979) Fish nutrition. (Review) in Fish Physiology, Vol VIII, Academic Press, New York, pp. 1–69Google Scholar
  11. Cummings, J.H., Southgate, D.A.T., Branch, W., Houston, H., Jenkins, D.J.A. and James, W.P.T. (1978) Colonic response to dietary fibre from carrot, cabbage, apple, bran and guar gum. Lancet, i, pp. 5–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cummings, J.H., Southgate, D.A.T., Branch, W.J. and Wiggins, H.S. (1979) The digestion of pectin in the human gut and its effect on calcium absorption and large bowel function. Br. J. Nutr., 41, pp. 477–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dabrowski, K. (1979) Feeding requirements offish with particular attention to common carp. A review. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol.,26, pp. 135–58Google Scholar
  14. Delorne C.B., Wojcik, J. and Gordon, C. (1981) Method of addition of cellulose to experimental diets and its effects on rat growth and protein utilization.J. Nutr., 111, pp. 1522–7Google Scholar
  15. Dupree, H.K. and Sneed, K.E. (1966) Response of channel catfish to different levels of major nutrients in purified diets. US Dept. Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife. Technical Paper No. 9, 21 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Eastwood, M.A., Martin, A. and Mitchell, N.D. (1976) Physical properties of a fibre: a biological evaluation, in Spiller, G. and Amen, G.M. (eds.) Fiber in Human Nutrition, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 109–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Fahey, G.C., Frank, G.R., Jensen, A.H. and Master, S.S. (1980) Influence of various purified and isolated cell wall fibres on the utilization of certain nutrients by swine and hamsters./. Food Sci., 45, pp. 1675–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Fahey, G.C., Williams, J.E. and McLaren, G.A. (1976) Influence of molasses lignin-hemicellulose fractions in rat nutrition. J. Nutr., 106, pp. 1447–51Google Scholar
  19. FAO (1980) Fish feed technology. Lectures presented at the FAO/UNDP Training course in fish feed technology held at the College of Fisheries, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 9 October-15 December 1978. ADCP/80/11Google Scholar
  20. Fetzer, S.G., Kies, C. and Fox, H.M. (1979) Apparent digestibility of three purified fibre fractions in adolescent boys. Cereal Chem., 50, pp. 34–9Google Scholar
  21. Forman, L.P. and Schneeman, B.O. (1980) Effects of dietary pectin and fat on the small intestinal contents and exocrine pancreas of rats. 7. Nutr., 110, pp. 1992–9Google Scholar
  22. Halver, J.E. (1972) Components of plant and animal foodstuffs other than nutrients, in Fish Nutrition. Academic Press, New York, pp. 184–6Google Scholar
  23. Hellendoorn, E.W. (1975) Enzymatic determination of the indigestible residue (dietary fibre) content of human food. J. Sci. Fd. Agric., 26, p. 1461Google Scholar
  24. Heller, S.N., Hackler, L.R., Rivert, J.M., Van Soest, P.J., Roe, D.A., Lewis, B.A. and Robertson, J. (1980) Dietary fibre: the effect of particle size of wheat bran on colonic function in young adult men. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 33, pp. 1734–44Google Scholar
  25. Hilton, J.W., Atkinson, J.L. and Slinger, S.J. (1983) Effect of increased dietary fibre on the growth of rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 40, pp. 81–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hoar, W.S., Randall, D.J. and Brett, J.R. (1979) Fish Physiology, Vol. 8. Academic Press, New York, 786 ppGoogle Scholar
  27. Inaba, D.C., Ogino, C., Takamatsu, T.U. and Kurokawa, K. (1963) Digestibility of dietary components in fishes. II. Digestibility of dietary protein and starch in rainbow trout. Bull. Jap. Soc. Fish., 29, pp. 242–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jenkins, D.J.A., Wolever, T.M.S., Leeds, A.R., Gassull, M.A., Haisman, P., Dilawari, J., Goff, D.V., Metz, G.L. and Alberti, G.G.M.M. (1978) Dietary fibres, fibre analogues and glucose tolerance: importance of viscosity. Br. Med. J., 1, pp. 1392–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lang, J.A. and Briggs, G.M. (1976) The use and function of fibre in diets of monogastric animals, in G.A. Spiller (ed.) Fibre in Human Nutrition, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 151–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Leary, D.F. and Lovell, R.T. (1975) Value of fibre in production-type diets for channel catfish. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc., 104, pp. 328–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. McDonald, P., Edwards, R.A. and Greenhalgh, J.F.D. (1977) Animal Nutrition, 2nd edn., Longman Press, London, 450 ppGoogle Scholar
  32. McLaren, G.A., Williams, J.E., Fahey, G.C., Smith, J.E. and Woolf, H.A. (1976) Influence of acid resistant hemicellulose on urea nitrogen utilization by lambs. J. Anim. Sci., 43, pp. 1072–6Google Scholar
  33. Meyers, S.P. and Butler, D.P. (1972) Alginates as binders for crustacean rations. Prog. Fish Cult., 34, pp. 9–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Nomani, M.Z.A., Fashandi, E.F., Davis, G.K. and Bradac, C.J. (1979) Influence of dietary fibre on the growth and protein metabolism of the rat. J. Food Sci., 44, pp. 745–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Okutani, K. and Kimata, M. (1964) Studies on chitinolytic enzyme in digestive tracts of Japanese sea-bass (Lateolabrax japonicus). Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish., 30, pp. 262–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Phillips, G.O., Wedlock, D.J. and Williams, P.A. (1981) Gums and stabilizers for the food industry — interactions of hydrocolloids. Proc. Int. Conf., Clwyd, Wales, 6, pp. 1–6Google Scholar
  37. Poston, H.A. (1974) Effect of feeding brown trout (Salmo trutta) a diet pelleted in dry and moist forms.J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., 31, pp. 1824–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Riccardi, B.A. and Fahrenbach, M.J. (1967) Effect of guar gum and pectin N.F. on serum and liver lipids of cholesterol fed rats. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med., 124, pp. 749–52Google Scholar
  39. Rumsey, G.L. and Ketola, H.G. (1975) Amino acid supplementation of casein diets of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fry and of soybean meal for rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) fingerlings. J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., 32, pp. 422–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Shah, N., Atallah, M., Mahoney, R.R. and Pellett, P.L. (1982) Effect of dietary fibre components on fecal nitrogen excretion and protein utilization in growing rats. J. Nutr., 112, pp. 658–66Google Scholar
  41. Singh, R.P. and Nose, T. (1967) Digestibility of carbohydrates in young rainbow trout. Bull. Freshwater. Fish. Fab. Tokyo, 17, pp. 21–5Google Scholar
  42. Slavin, J.L. and Marlett, J. A. (1980) Effect of refined cellulose on apparent energy, fat and nitrogen digestibilities. J. Nutr., 110, pp. 2020–6Google Scholar
  43. Smith, R.R. (1971) A method for measuring digestibility and metabolizable energy of fish feeds. Prog. Fish Cult., 33, pp. 132–4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Smith, R.R. (1978) Methods for determination of digestibility and metabolizable energy of feedstuffs for finfish. Symposum on fish nutrition and feed technology. European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission (EFFAC, Symp. R3, 10th session), 11 ppGoogle Scholar
  45. Southgate, D.A.T. (1969) Determination of carbohydrates in foods. 2. Unavailable carbohydrates. J. Food Sci. Agric., 20, p. 331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Stephen, A.M. and Cummings, J.H. (1979) Water-holding by dietary fibre in vitro and its relationship to faecal output in man. Gut, 20, pp. 722–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Stickney, R.R. and Shumway, S.E. (1974) Occurrence of cellulose activity in the stomachs of fishes. J. Fish. Biol., 6, pp. 779–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Swenson, W.A. and Smith, L.L., Jr (1973) Gastric digestion, food consumption, feeding periodicity, and food conversion efficiency in walleye (Stizostedion vitreum vitreum). J. Fish. Res. Bd. Can., 30, pp. 1327–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tacon, A.G.J. (1981) The possible substitution of fish meal in fish diets. Proe. Seott. Mar. Biol. Assoe. and Highlands and Islands Dev. Board, Fish Farm Meet., Oban, Scotland, 26–27 Feb., pp. 46–56Google Scholar
  50. Tacon, A.G.J., Stafford, E.A. and Edwards, C.A. (1983) A preliminary investigation of the nutritive value of three terrestrial lumbricid worms for rainbow trout. Aquaculture, 35, pp. 187–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Vahl, O. (1979) An hypothesis on the control of food intake in fish. Aquaculture, 17, pp. 221–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Van Es, A.J.H. (1981) Feeds rich in cellulose in ruminant and non-ruminant digestion. Agriculture and Environment, 6, pp. 195–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Van Soest, P.J. and Wine, R.H. (1968) Acid detergent extraction to measure ADF fibre. J. Ass. Off. Agric. Chem., 50, p. 50Google Scholar
  54. Wood, E.M., Griffin, P.J. and Snieszko, S.F. (1954) The effect of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (GMG) as a binding agent in the preparation of diets. Progr. Fish. Cult., 16, p. 19CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© James F. Muir and Ronald J. Roberts 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon J. Davies

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations