The Shift in Wavelength with Voltage of Certain X-Ray Lines

  • A. F. Burr
  • R. J. Liefeld
Part of the Developments in Applied Spectroscopy book series (DAIS, volume 7a)


The wavelenth or energy of a characteristic x-ray line is generally considered to be independent of the energy of the particles (electrons, photons, protons, etc.) used to excite it. However, when a precise wavelength or a detailed line shape is needed, it is found that the exciting particle energy can be quite influential. Available data on some of these cases will be summarized and a few will be discussed in detail. The cases to be considered include threshold excitation of some first transition metal Ka lines, wavelength shifts and shape changes due to self-absorption and satellites in the L spectra of these metals, gross structure introduced by self-absorption into the M spectra of the lanthanides, and wavelength shifts of M lines in lanthanum for near- threshold electron excitation. The significance of these changes for wavelength studies, elemental analysis, valance band studies, and chemical bonding will be discussed.


Shape Change Wavelength Shift Excitation Condition Threshold Excitation Incident Electron Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. A. Bearden, A. Benins, J. G. Marzolf, W. C. Sander, and J. S. Thomsen, Phys. Rev. 135, A899 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. B. Chester and F. Boehm Phys. Rev. 166, 1206 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. Johansson, Arkiv Fysik 18, 289 (1960).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. F. Burr and R. J. Liefeld, Bull Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 576 (1968).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. W. Fischer and W. L. Baun, J. Appl Phys. 38, 4830 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. F. Burr, W. L. Baun, D. W. Fischer, C. Gilmore, and R. Labrie, XIII Colloquium Spectroscopicum Internationale (June 1967).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Hanzely and R. J. Liefeld, Bull Am. Phys. Soc. 13, 575 (1968).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. S. Birks, 7th National Meeting Society for Applied Spectroscopy (May 1968).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. W. Criss and L. S. Birks, Anal Chem. 40, 1080 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chicago Section of the society for Applied Spectroscopy 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. F. Burr
    • 1
  • R. J. Liefeld
    • 1
  1. 1.New Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA

Personalised recommendations