Relationship Between X-Ray Tube Target Materials and X-Ray Emission Intensities

  • F. Bernstein
Part of the Developments in Applied Spectroscopy book series (DAIS, volume 4)


Factors affecting fluorescent intensity from a sample in an X-ray spectrograph are reviewed. Excitation efficiencies of monoenergetic X-ray sources are discussed and data on low atomic number elements are given. For polychromatic X-ray spectra, effective wavelengths and excitation efficiencies are measured as a function of atomic number. A new dual-target X-ray tube is shown to be an effective answer to the problem of covering a broad range of elements with a single X-ray tube.


Atomic Number Effective Wavelength Excitation Efficiency Counter Tube Thin Window 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    L.S. Birks, J. Appl. Phys. 32. 387 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    L.S. Birks, Spectrochim. Acta 17, 148 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Bernstein, Twelfth Annual Conference on Applications of X-Ray Analysis, Denver, Colorado (1963)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chicago Section of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Bernstein
    • 1
  1. 1.General Electric Co.MilwaukeeUSA

Personalised recommendations