Demountable X-Ray Tube for Light Element Fluorescence Analysis

  • J. A. Dunne
  • W. R. Muller
Part of the Developments in Applied Spectroscopy book series (DAIS, volume 4)


A primary X-ray source suitable for the fluorescence analysis of elements ranging from chlorine to boron (Z=17—5, respectively) is described. The tube, based on the concept of Prof. B. L. Henke, Pomona College, Claremont, California, has been designed to allow utilization in the general X-ray laboratory. Targets can be changed and filament replaced. A vacuum isolation gate is provided to permit the convenient utilization of extremely thin windows, which can be changed without disturbing tube vacuum. Separate water-cooling systems are provided for the anode itself and the outer shell. Detailed data on tube operating parameters are given, and the X-ray generator designed to power this tube is described.


Fluorescence Analysis Anode Current Anode Voltage Minimum Detectable Limit Filament Current 
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    A. K. Baird, D. B. Mclntyre, and E. D. Welday, Advances in X-Ray Analysis, Vol. 6, Plenum Press. New York (1962). pp. 377–388.Google Scholar
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    B. L. Henke, Advances in X-Ray Analysis, Vol. 5, Plenum Press, New York (1961), pp. 288–305.Google Scholar
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    B. L. Henke, Advances in X-Ray Analysis, Vol. 7, Plenum Press, New York (1963).Google Scholar
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    A. Volborth, Materials Science and Technology for Advanced Applications, Vol. II (1964), pp. 117–142.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chicago Section of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Dunne
    • 1
  • W. R. Muller
    • 1
  1. 1.Philips Electronic InstrumentsMt. VernonUSA

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