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Iron and Its Electrochemistry in an Active State

  • Dragutin M. Dražić
Part of the Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry book series (MAOE, volume 19)

Abstract

For many years (and even today) the electrochemistry of iron has been linked to the corrosion of iron and has been heavily influenced by the ideas of De La Rive,1 who considered microcell (galvanic) action to be the primary cause of electrochemical corrosion. It also took a long time for the idea of additivity of the partial electrode processes, put forward by Foerster2 and Frumkin,3 to find a quanti­tative formulation in the well-known paper by Wagner and Traud4 in 1938, which explained the corrosion potential of a homogeneous corroding surface (Zn amalgam) as the mixed potential of the two coupled electrochemical processes. The proper role of micro and macro corrosion cells in corrosion processes was clarified much later by Tomashov5 and his school by considering the heterogeneous corroding system to be a multielectrode system. However, it is the mixed-potential concept of Wagner and Traud that gave the impetus to more serious studies of the electrochemistry of iron and other cathodic processes on the iron surface. An understanding of these processes on a molecular level is a prerequisite to making any intelligent attempts to eliminate or decrease corrosion problems in contemporary technology. Therefore, due to the limited length of this article and the complexity of corrosion problems, attention will primarily be given to processes on iron, assuming that the surfaces are more or less homogeneous. The additional effects of surface heterogeneity and alloying will not be considered.

Keywords

Polarization Curve Reaction Order Anodic Dissolution Cathodic Polarization Anodic Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dragutin M. Dražić
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeYugoslavia

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