The Impact of Space Science

  • R. Lüst
Part of the Nobel Symposium Committee (1975) book series (NOFS, volume 31)


Space science as a discipline is not so much. defined by the objects to be investigated or observed as by the technical means — namely balloons, sounding rockets, satellites and space probes — to be applied for the investigation above the surface of the earth. As in many other fields, scientific and technical progress are very closely correlated, and space technology has provided the scientists with completely new possibilities for their research of the earth, its environment, the planetary system, astronomical objects, and the universe. These techniques can be applied in different ways:
  1. A.

    Large parts of the surface of the earth and its atmosphere can be observed and monitored simultaneously.

  2. B.

    The surroundings of the earth, the moon and the planets can be investigated directly by measuring instruments.

  3. C.

    The electromagnetic and the corpuscular radiation approaching the earth can be observed from an extraterrestrial (observing) station not inhibited and influenced by the earth’s atmosphere and by the earth’s magnetic field. Therefore the whole range of the electromagnetic spectrum as well as the energy spectrum of the arriving photons and particles can be exploited and yields new data on known objects as well as on objects so far not yet detected.

  4. D.

    Direct experiments can be carried out in the extraterrestrial space under conditions not to be realized on the earth.



Black Hole Solar Wind Neutron Star Interplanetary Magnetic Field Interplanetary Space 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Lüst
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Society for the Advancement of ScienceGermany

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