Phloem Tissue and Sieve Elements in Algae, Mosses and Ferns

  • H.-Dietmar Behnke
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 4)


During the phylogenetic development of plants from unicellular aquatic algae to highly specialized seed plants, the acquisition of a particular vascular tissue has become one of the major bases for life on the land. Parallel to the development of organs like stem, leaves, and roots, the differentiation of specific tissues like epidermis, rhizodermis, sclerenchyma, phloem and xylem adjust the plant to the altered surroundings. As we will see, most of the tissues, like the vascular tissue, were subject to phylogenetic changes during the evolution from primitive to more advanced land plants. Although there was a need for the development of cells specialized in long-distance transport in the larger brown algae, e.g. the giant kelps, differentiation of organized tissues for food translocation, closely associated to those facilitating the distribution of water, were initiated only in bryophytes. In the three parts to follow we will review the structure of the respective cells and/or tissues of algae, mosses, and ferns.


Parenchyma Cell Sieve Tube Sieve Element Phloem Tissue Cross Wall 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.-Dietmar Behnke
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl fuer ZellenlehreUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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