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P-Proteins

  • James Cronshaw
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 4)

Abstract

The characteristic cell of phloem tissue, the sieve element, was discovered in the middle of the 19th century by Hartig, who showed that sieve elements have specialized perforations of the walls arranged in areas now known as sieve areas. In the first study of Cucurbita phloem, Hartig observed characteristic accumulations of material on the sieve areas, especially those of the sieve plates, which became known as slime plugs and the material as slime (Hartig, 1854). Other early workers on the phloem recognized that slime plugs may be extended to form slime strands which are continuous across the entire lumen of the sieve element; that slime bodies were the source of slime in mature sieve elements; and that staining reactions indicated a considerable protein content (Wilhelm, 1880). These observations led to speculation that slime plugs were related to the long-distance transportation of nutrients in the phloem and slime strands were suggested as sites for the movement of insoluble substances through the sieve plates (Wilhelm, 1880).

Keywords

ATPase Activity Sieve Tube Sieve Element Phloem Tissue Cucurbita Maximum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Cronshaw
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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