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Ecological Factors Controlling Stream Zoobenthos with Emphasis on Thermal Modification of Regulated Streams

  • James V. Ward
  • Jack A. Stanford

Abstract

A myriad of factors, including temperature, flow, substrate, aquatic and riparian vegetation, dissolved substances, food and bio-tic interactions, determine the composition and abundance of stream zoobenthos (Macan, 1961, 1974; Hynes, 1970a, b). The influence of the watershed on many of these factors has only recently been fully appreciated (e.g., Hynes,, 1975; Cummins, this volume).

Keywords

Riparian Vegetation Stream Temperature Thermal Modification South Fork Bottom Fauna 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • James V. Ward
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jack A. Stanford
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. Zoology & EntomologyColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.Dept. Biological SciencesNorth Texas State UniversityDentonUSA

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