Effects of TVA Impoundments on Downstream Water Quality and Biota

  • Peter A. Krenkel
  • G. Fred Lee
  • R. Anne Jones


The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), a corporate agency of the United States Government, was established in 1933 to develop the resources of the Tennessee Valley. The Tennessee River is an integral part of the interconnected Inland Waterway System of the United States, the final portion being the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, presently under construction. The 106,000-square-kilometer watershed, shown in Fig. 1, encompasses portions of seven southeastern states with a population near 4 million people.


Water Quality Parameter Aquatic Macrophyte Hydraulic Residence Time South Fork Water Quality Characteristic 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter A. Krenkel
    • 1
  • G. Fred Lee
    • 2
  • R. Anne Jones
    • 2
  1. 1.Water Resources CenterDesert Research InstituteRenoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA

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