A Model of the Common “Active Ingredient” in Stress Reduction Techniques
Psychological stress (Lazarus, 1966; Appley & Trumball, 1967) has been implicated in the exacerbation or etiology of several medical symptoms (e.g., headaches, peptic ulcers, essential hypertension) and behavioral symptoms (alcohol, drug and tobacco abuse). Analyses of psychological stress emphasize the critical role of cognition (e.g., threat appraisal and labelling) in the sequence of events that comprise psychological stress (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984) and suggest that it is unlikely that physiological arousal alone, without aversive cognitive labelling of the arousal, is a sufficient condition for the acquisition and maintenance of chronic stress related clinical symptoms.
KeywordsSympathetic Activation Cognitive Resource Sensory Restriction Threat Appraisal Autogenic Training
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