The use of direct current electricity to increase the rate of dialysis of electrolytes or to produce demineralized water from potable water has been known for about 100 years. Early cells used three compartments between a single pair of electrodes, the compartments being separated from each other by (porous) diaphragms. The latter were essentially neutral and not intrinsically electrically conducting. Electrode reactions were important to this variety of electrodialysis which might better be regarded as a double electrometathesis, anions in the central electrodialysis compartment being replaced by hydroxide from the cathode compartment, cations by hydrogen ions from the anode compartment. It was noted that the choice of diaphragms affected the ultimate pH in the central compartment. Such three compartment ED cells were sold before World War II for water demineralization.


Sodium Chloride Solution Cheese Whey Quaternary Ammonium Group Direct Electric Current Bipolar Membrane 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. McRae
    • 1
  1. 1.ZürichSwitzerland

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