Advertisement

Toward National Policy for Health Education

  • Lawrence W. Green

Abstract

Policy has been to health education as oil is to troubled waters: a slick, shining, and shifting layer over depths of unknown quality and quantity. Health education has been pumped or sprayed from a variety of sources into every problem of society related to health, usually with mixed, inconsistent, and submerged policies at first. As the initial flush or mist of health education activity begins to settle, the beads of policy emerge and congeal as a gloss, giving activities and programs the appearance of having a smooth, integrated consistency. Beneath that thin gloss of policy, typically, is a turbulent center of disintegrative or disconnected activity, like a whirlpool, and all around the edges are stagnant pockets where the only movement is Brownian.

Keywords

Health Education Policy Issue Research Training Professional Health Educator Evaluative Research 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aujoulet, L. P. L’éducation pour la santé: Peut-on en évaluer la rentabilité. International Journal of Health Education, 1973, 16, 21–27.Google Scholar
  2. Berkanovic, R. Behavioral science and prevention. Preventive Medicine, 1976, 5, 92–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berry, R. E., Jr. Estimating the economic costs of alcohol abuse. New England Journal of Mediane, 1976, 295, 620–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berry, R. E., Jr., & Boland, J. P. The economic costs of alcohol abuse. New York: Free Press, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. Blane, H. T. Education and the prevention of alcoholism. In B. Kissin & H. Begleiter (Eds.), The biology of alcoholism. Vol. 4: The social aspects of alcoholism. New York: Plenum Press, 1976, pp. 519–578.Google Scholar
  6. Boatman, R. H., Levin, L. S., Roberts, B. J., & Rugen, M. E. Professional preparation in health education in schools of public health (United States and Canada): A report prepared for the 1965 annual meeting of the Association of Schools of Public Health. Health Education Monographs, 1966, 1, (No. 21) 1–35.Google Scholar
  7. Green, L. W. Toward cost-benefit evaluations of health education: Some concepts, methods, and examples. Health Education Monographs, 1974, 2, (Suppl., 1), 34–64.Google Scholar
  8. Green, L. W. Evaluation and measurement: Some dilemmas for health education. American Journal of Public Health, 1977, 67, 155–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Green, L. W. Determining the impact and effectiveness of health education as it relates to federal policy. Health Education Monographs, 1978, 6 (Suppl. 1), 28–66.Google Scholar
  10. Green, L. W., & Faden, R. Potential effects of patient package inserts on patients and drug consumers. Drug Information Journal, 1977, 11 (Suppl.1), 64s–70s.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Green, L. W., & Figá-Talamanca, I. Suggested designs for evaluation of patient education programs. Health Education Monographs, 1974, 2, 54–71.Google Scholar
  12. Green, L. W., & Green, P. F. Intervention in social systems to make smoking education more effective. In J. Steinfeld, W. Griffiths, K. Ball, & R. M. Taylor (Eds.), Smoking and health: Health consequences, education, cessation activities, and government action. Proceedings of the Third World Conference on Smoking and Health. (NIH 77–1413). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1977.Google Scholar
  13. Hochbaum, G. M. Research relating to health education. Health Education Monographs, 1960, 1, (No. 8), 10–20.Google Scholar
  14. Institute for Social Research. Public asked to rank country’s major institutions. ISR Newsletter, 1974, 8. Google Scholar
  15. James, W. Pragmatism. London: Longmans Green, 1914.Google Scholar
  16. Kent, D. C. The role of the voluntary health agency in professional and public education. Health Education Monographs, 1974, 2 (Suppl. 1), 73–77.Google Scholar
  17. Mäkelä, K., & Vükari, M. Notes on alcohol and the state. Acta Sociologica, 1977, 20, 155–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. McKinley, J. B. A case for refocusing upstream—The political economy of illness. In A. J. Enelow & J. B. Henderson (Eds.), Applying behavioral sciences to cardiovascular risk. New York: American Heart Association, 1975.Google Scholar
  19. Mico, P. R., & Ross, H. S. Health education and behavioral science. Oakland, Calif.: Third Party Associates, Inc., 1975.Google Scholar
  20. Mustard, H. S. Government in public health. New York: The Commonwealth Fund, 1945.Google Scholar
  21. Pearson, D.E. An historical case for the role of the insurance industry in patient education. Health Education Monographs, 1974, 2, 39–43.Google Scholar
  22. Postgraduate preparation of health workers in health education (Technical Report, Series No. 278). Geneva: World Health Organization, 1964.Google Scholar
  23. President’s Committee on Health Education. Report of the President’s Committee on Health Education. New York: Institute of Public Affairs, 1974.Preventive Medicine USA. New York, Prodist, 1976.Google Scholar
  24. Research in health education: Report of a WHO scientific group (Technical Report, Series No. 432). Geneva: World Health Organization, 1969.Google Scholar
  25. Roberts, B. J., & Green, L. W. International Survey of Research and Studies in Health Education by Ministries of Health and Universities. Background paper for World Health Organization Study Group. Berkeley: University of California School of Public Health, 1968.Google Scholar
  26. Rosenstock, I. M. Gaps and potentials in health education research. Health Education Monographs, 1960, 1 (No. 8), 21–27.Google Scholar
  27. Shapiro, S. Measuring the effectiveness of prevention. Milbank Memorial Fund Quarterly: Health and Society, 1977, 55, 291–306.Google Scholar
  28. Simonds, S. Health education as social policy. Health Education Monographs, 1974, 2 (Suppl. 1), 1–10.Google Scholar
  29. Society for Public Health Education, Inc., Ad Hoc Task Force. Guidelines for the preparation and practice of professional health educators. Health Education Monographs, 1977, 5, 75–89. (a)Google Scholar
  30. Society for Public Health Education, Inc., Committee on Professional Preparation and Practice. Criteria and guidelines for baccalaureate programs in community health education. Health Education Monographs, 1977, 5, 90–98. (b)Google Scholar
  31. Somers, A. R. (Ed.). Promoting health: Consumer interest and national policy. Germantown, Md.: Aspen Systems, 1976.Google Scholar
  32. Somers, A. R. Consumer health education: Where are we? Where are we going? Canadian Journal of Public Health, 1977, 68, 362–368.Google Scholar
  33. Somers, A. R., & Somers, H. M. Health and health care: Policies in perspective. Germantown, Md.: Aspen Systems, 1977.Google Scholar
  34. Steuart, G. W. Scientist and professional: The relations between research and action. Health Education Monographs, 1969 (No. 29).Google Scholar
  35. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. (OS77–50039). National immunization conference: Policy perspectives. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1976.Google Scholar
  36. Victor, D. The role of television drama in national health education. Health Education Monographs, 1974, 2 (Suppl. 1), 78–83.Google Scholar
  37. Wang, V. L. Social goals, health policy and the dynamics of development as bases for health education. International Journal of Health Education, 1977, 20, 13–18.Google Scholar
  38. Weingarten, V. Report of findings and recommendations of the President’s Committee on Health Education. Health Education Monographs, 1974, 2 (Suppl. 1), 11–19.Google Scholar
  39. Young, M. A. C. Review of research and studies related to health education practice (1961–66). Health Education Monographs, 1967 and 1968 (Numbers 23–28).Google Scholar
  40. Young, M. A. C. Review of research and studies related to the health education aspects of family planning (1967–1971). Health Education Monographs, 1973 (Numbers 33–35).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence W. Green
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Hygiene and Public HealthThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations