Advertisement

Geological Summary of the Yucatan Peninsula

  • E. Lopez Ramos

Abstract

This paper presents an integrated, though generalized, study of the Geology of the Yucatán Peninsula based upon what the writer believes to be the most adequate available information. The study covers the Yucatan Shelf from 16°–22° north and from 86°–91° west, including the eastern parts of the states of Yucatan and Campeche, the territory of Quintana Roo, the northern part of Guatemala, and the northeastern part of British Honduras (Belice) (Fig. 1). This is an area of approximately 300,000 km2. On the north and northeast the continental slope at the edge of Campeche bank forms a natural boundary for the region. To the east the continental slope also bounds the area, but there descends into the Caribbean Sea. The southern margin is formed by the Arco de la Libertad (Fig. 2), a positive feature including the Guatemalan Peten and the Maya Mountains of British Honduras. The western boundary is formed by the coastal plains of the Gulf of Mexico in southwestern Campeche and eastern Tabasco.

Keywords

Lower Cretaceous Continental Slope Middle Eocene Dolomitic Limestone Planktonic Foraminifera 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alvarez, M., 1954, Exploración geologica preliminar del Rio Hondo, Quintana Roo: Assoc. Mex. Geol. Petr. Bol., v. 6, p. 207–213.Google Scholar
  2. Bateson, J. H., 1972, New interpretation of geology of Maya Mountains, British Honduras: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 56, p. 956–963.Google Scholar
  3. Bryant, W. R., Antoine, J., Ewing, M., and Jones, B., 1968, Structure of the Mexican continental shelf and slope, Gulf of Mexico: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol Bull., v. 52, p. 1204–1228.Google Scholar
  4. Bonet, F., 1956, Nota Preliminar Sobre la Constitution de los Arrecifes Coralinos de la Sonda de Campeche, México, Resumen XX, Congreso Geol. International. México. See also: Bonet, F., 1967, Biogeología Subsuperficial del Arrecife Alacranes, Yucatán, Inst. de Geol. de la U.N.A.M., Bol. 80, 192 p.Google Scholar
  5. Bonis, S., Bohnenberger, H., and Dengo, G., 1970, Mapa Geológico de la Republica de Guatemala, la Edición: Instituto Geográfico Nacional.Google Scholar
  6. Butterlin, J., and Bonet, F., 1960, Microfauna del Eoceno Inferior de la Península de Yucatán: Paleontología Mexicana, No. 7, Inst. de Geol. de la U.N.A.M., 18 p.Google Scholar
  7. Dengo, G., and Bohnenberger, H., 1970, Structural development of northern Central America: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Mem., p. 203–220.Google Scholar
  8. Dustano, G. R., 1965, Bosquejo Geológico de la Península de Yucatán: Tesis Professional ESIA ipn México, 55 p.Google Scholar
  9. Edwards, C., 1957, Quintana Roo; Mexico’s Empty Quarter (Report of Field Work Carried out under Office of Naval Research, Contract 222): Dept. of Geography, Univ. Cal., Berkeley (mimeographed).Google Scholar
  10. Ericson, D. B., and Heezen, B. C., 1955, Geophysical and geological investigation in the Gulf of Mexico—Part 1: Geophysics, v. 20, p. 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ewing, M., and Worzel, J. L., 1970, Deep Sea Drilling Project—Leg 10: Geotimes, v. 15, n. 6, p. 11–13.Google Scholar
  12. Flores, G., 1952, Geology of Northern British Honduras: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 36, p. 404–408.Google Scholar
  13. Halbuty, M. T., 1967, Salt Domes, Gulf Region, United States and Mexico: Gulf Publ. Co. 425 p.Google Scholar
  14. Kirkland, D. W., and Gerhard, J. E., 1971, Jurassic salt, Central Gulf of Mexico and its temporal relation to circum-Gulf evaporites: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 55, p. 680–686.Google Scholar
  15. Lloyd, J. J., and Dengo, G., 1960, Posibilidades petrolíferas de la cuenca de Peten, Guatemala: Fac. de Ingeniería, Univ. de San Carlos, Bol. 9, p. 1–11.Google Scholar
  16. Logan, B. W., et al., 1969, Carbonate sediments and reefs, Yucatan Shelf, Mexico: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Mem. 11, p. 1–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. López Ramos, E., 1969, Geología del SE de México y Norte de Guatemala, en: TrabajosPresentados en la II Reunión de Geólogos de América Central.: ICAITI, p. 57–67.Google Scholar
  18. López Ramos, E., 1969, Marine paleozoic rocks of México; Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 53, p. 2399–2417.Google Scholar
  19. López Ramos, E., 1972, Geología General., Edicíon Escolar, 262 p., Mexico, D. F.Google Scholar
  20. Meyerhoff, A. A., 1967, Future hydrocarbon provinces of Gulf of Mexico. Caribbean region: Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc. Trans., v. 17, p. 217–260.Google Scholar
  21. Moore, G. W., et al., 1971, U.S.G.S.—I.D.O.E. Leg 1: Bahía de Campeche: Geotimes, v. 16, n. 11, p. 16–17.Google Scholar
  22. Murray, G., 1961, Geology of the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Province of North America: Harper and Row, New York, 696 p.Google Scholar
  23. New Orleans Geological Society, 1962, Guide Book, Field Trip to Peninsula de Yucatán, 120 p.Google Scholar
  24. Paine, W. R., and Meyerhoff, A. A., 1970, Interactions among tectonics, sedimentation and hydrocarbon accumulation: Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc. Trans., v. 20, p. 5–44.Google Scholar
  25. Petróleos Mexicanos, 1966–69, Informes geológicos inéditos.Google Scholar
  26. Sapper, K., 1896, Sobre la geografía física y la geología de la Península de Yucatán: Inst. Geol. de Mexico, Bol. 3, Mexico, D. F.Google Scholar
  27. Sapper, K., 1937, Mittelamerika’, Handbuch der Regionalen Geologia, v. 8, pt. 4, Hft. 29: Carl Winter, Heidelberg, 160 p.Google Scholar
  28. Schuchert, C., 1935, Historical Geology of the Antillean and Caribbean Region: John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  29. Tercier, J., 1932, Geological investigation in Peninsula de Yucatán. (Informe inédito).Google Scholar
  30. Vedder, J. G., et al., 1971, U.S.G.S.—I.D.O.E. Leg 2: Geotimes, v. 16, n. 12, p. 10–12.Google Scholar
  31. Viniegra, F., 1971. Age and evolution of salt basins of southeastern Mexico, Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 55, p. 478–194.Google Scholar
  32. Vinson, G. L., 1962, Upper Cretaceous and Tertiary Stratigraphy of Guatemala: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 46, p. 425–456.Google Scholar
  33. Vinson, G. L., and Brineman, J. H., 1963, Nuclear Central America, hub of the Antillean transverse belt, in: Backbone of the Americas: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Mem. 2, p. 101–112.Google Scholar
  34. Wilhelm, O., and Ewing, M., 1972, Geology and history of the Gulf of Mexico: Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., v. 88, p. 575–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Worzel, J. L., Leyden, R., and Ewing, R., 1968, Newly discovered diapirs in Gulf of Mexico: Am. Assoc. Petr. Geol. Bull., v. 52, p. 1194–1203.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Lopez Ramos
    • 1
  1. 1.Petróleos MexicanosMexico

Personalised recommendations