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The Ouachita and Appalachian Orogenic Belts

  • Philip B. King

Abstract

Orogenic belts of Paleozoic age border the southeastern and southern sides of the North American continent in Canada, the United States, and Mexico. The Appalachian orogenic belt extends 3700 km along the southeastern side, from Newfoundland to Alabama, plunging under the continental shelf on the northeast and under the deposits of the Gulf Coastal Plain on the southwest. The Ouachita orogenic belt begins near the southwestern terminus of the Appalachian belt and extends 1800 km across the southern United States and probably into Mexico (Fig. 1). Unlike the widely exposed Appalachian belt, the Ouachita belt is only exposed for 450 km of this distance—in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma, and in the Marathon region and several smaller areas in western Texas. The remainder is covered by Mesozoic and Cenozoic deposits of the Gulf Coastal Plain, but much is known about the covered part from the records of drilling.

Keywords

Coastal Plain Paleozoic Rock Gulf Coastal Plain Flysch Formation Ridge Province 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip B. King
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyMenlo ParkUSA

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