The Avian Shell Gland: A Study in Calcium Translocation

  • Rosemary Schraer
  • Harald Schraer


Knowledge for our understanding of the molecular and cellular events that operate in the metabolism of calcium is derived from a number of research thrusts. One avenue of information flows from a study of models from nature that have developed uniquely specialized systems for handling ionized or nonionized forms of the metal. A segment of the avian oviduct exemplifies such a natural model, and this chapter is an effort to codify and interpret current research findings that elucidate the cellular and molecular details by which the tissues of the avian shell gland channel the movement of calcium from the blood to ultimate crystallization as an egg shell in the form of the mineral calcite. Understanding of the organization and role of subcellular structures and molecular moieties that participate in the metabolism of the metal movement is far from complete; the control mechanisms that signal discrete events, such as initiation of calcium movement, are even more vaguely delineated. However, collectively, current information provides a framework of related events that have been used by the authors with a certain degree of license to speculate on the order and interrelation of the cellular processes involved.


Carbonic Anhydrase Shell Formation Carbonic Anhydrase Activity Shell Membrane Shell Gland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Meredith Corporation 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosemary Schraer
    • 1
  • Harald Schraer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryThe Pennsylvania State UniversityPennsylvaniaUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiophysicsThe Pennsylvania State UniversityPennsylvaniaUSA

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