Functions Defining Stepwise Complex-Formation in Solution
The chief thermodynamic characteristic of a complex particle* in solution is the equilibrium constant for the dissociation of the complex into its component central ion and ligand or ligands. Physico-chemical studies to-day on the determination of such equilibrium constants in aqueous electrolyte solutions are often carried out using solutions of constant ionic strength. This makes it possible to use the equilibrium concentrations of the substances taking part in the reaction, instead of their activities, in the equation for the constant according to the law of mass action**.
KeywordsFormation Function Complex Compound Ligand Concentration Constant Ionic Strength Complex Particle
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