Beverage flavourings and their applications

  • A. C. Matthews


Our requirement for liquid refreshment is as longstanding as the origins of the species homo sapiens. An examination of Figure 6.1 shows that at relatively low levels of fluid loss, e.g. 3%, impaired performance results. A 20–30% reduction in capacity for hard muscular work occurs with a moisture/fluid loss of 4%, heat exhaustion at 5%, hallucinations at 7% and circulatory collapse and/or heat stroke at 10% fluid loss. The required fluid intake for the average person in the arid areas surrounding the Red Sea is a staggering 8 litter per day.


Sodium Benzoate Food Flavoring Carbonate Beverage Ginger Extract Citric Acid Monohydrate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J. Bergstrom and E. Hultman, J. Am. Med. Assoc. 221 (1972) 999;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. National academy of Sciences -National Research Council, Water deprivation and performance of athletes, Nutr. Rev. 32 (1974) 314.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    K. Bauer and D. Gerbe, in Common Fragrance and Flavour Materials-Preparation, Properties and Uses, VCH, Cambridge (1985) 117.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    H.B. Heath, Source Book of Flavours,AVI, Westport, CT (now part of van Nostrand Reinhold, New York).Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    D.K. Tressler and M.A. Joslyn, Fruit and Vegetable Juice Processing Technology (2nd ed.), AVI, Westport, CT (now part of van Nostrand Reinhold, New York).Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    L. Schroeter, in Sulphur Dioxide Applications in Food, Beverages and Pharmaceuticals, Pergaman Press, Oxford (1966);Google Scholar
  7. E.W. Taylor, The Examination of Waters and Water Supplies, J.A. Churchill, London (1958).Google Scholar
  8. 6.
    P.W. Harmer, private communication.Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    The Soft Drinks Regulations 1964-Composition and Lebelling,S.I. No. 760, H.M.S.O., London (1971).Google Scholar
  10. 8.
    D. Hicks in Non-Carbonated Fruit Juices and Fruit Beverages (ed. Hicks ), Blackie, Glasgow, 1990.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. C. Matthews

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations