This paper comprises a brief review of the ultrasonic propagation properties of biological media, with particular attention to those properties that are considered to influence, or to be otherwise useful in, the obtaining of significant diagnostic ultrasound information and those properties important in producing and assessing biological effects. The properties are discussed according to categories which emerge readily from the reported literature(1,2). Generalizations are then employed to characterize tissues from these categorical suggestions.


Ultrasonic Velocity Globular Protein Biological Medium Tissue Attenuation Decrease Water Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. A. Goss, R. L. Johnston and F. Dunn, Comprehensive compilation of empirical ultrasonic properties of mammalian tissue, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 64:423–457 (1978).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. A. Goss, R. L. Johnston and F. Dunn, Compilation of empirical ultrasonic properties of mammalian tissues IIJ. Acoust. Soc. Am. 68:93–108 (1980).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. Dunn and W. D. O’Brien, Jr., eds., “Ultrasonic Biophysics”, Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg (1976), Volume 7, Benchmark Papers in Acoustics, xix + 410 pages.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Dunn, P. D. Edmonds and W. J. Fry, Absorption and dispersion of ultrasound in biological media, in: “Biological Engineering”, H. P. Schwan, ed., McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York (1969), Chap. 3, p. 205–332.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. A. Goss, R. L. Johnston and F. Dunn, Ultrasound mammalian tissue properties literature search, Acoust. Letts. 1:171–172 (1978).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. A. Goss, L. A. Frizzell and F. Dunn, Ultrasonic absorption and attenuation in mammalian tissues, Ultrasound Med. Biol. 5:181–186 (1979).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    F. Dunn and J. K. Brady, Pogloshchenie ul’trazvyeks v biologicheskikh sredakh (Ultrasonic absorption in biological media), Biofizika 18:1063–1066 (1973), in Russian, English abstract. English translation: Biophysics 18:1128–1132 (1974).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    F. Dunn and J. K. Brady, Temperature and frequency dependence of ultrasonic absorption in tissue, in: “Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Acoustics”, Goldcrest Press, Trowbridge, Goldcrest Press, (1974), Volume 1, 366c.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. A. Goss and F. Dunn, Ultrasonic propagation properties of collagen, Phys. Med. Biol. 25:827–837 (1980).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. A. Goss, L. A. Frizzell, F. Dunn and K. A. Dines, Dependence of the ultrasonic properties of biological tissue on constituent proteins, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 67:1041–1044 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Dunn
    • 1
  1. 1.Bioacoustics Research LaboratoryUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

Personalised recommendations