A Comparison of Vascular Plant Communities in Tidal Freshwater and Saltwater Marshes

  • William E. Odum
  • John K. Hoover


Tidal freshwater marshes and salt marshes provide an interesting opportunity to compare the effects of a single source of stress, salinity, on the structure of wetland plant communities. In other respects, such as geographical location and range of tidal fluctuation, these two types of wetlands are often very similar.


Salt Marsh Intertidal Zone Tidal Freshwater High Marsh Tidal Freshwater Marsh 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Eleuterius, J. (1984) Autecology of the black needlerush, Juncos roemerianus. Gulf Res. Rep., 7, 339–50Google Scholar
  2. Frey, R.W. and Basan, P.B. (1978) Coastal salt marshes. In R.A. Davis (ed.), Coastal sedimentary environments, Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 101–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hoover, J.K. (1984) Spatial and tempral niche relationships in a tidal freshwater macrophyte community. MS Thesis, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 85 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Miller, W.B. and Egler, F.E. (1950) Vegetation of the WequetequockPawcatuck tidal marshes, Connecticut. Ecol. Monogr., 20, 143–72Google Scholar
  5. Nixon, S.W. (1982) The ecology of New England high salt marshes: a community profile. US Fish and Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS- 81 /55. 70 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Nixon, S.W. and Oviatt, C.A. (1973) Ecology of a New England salt marsh. Ecol. Monogr., 43, 463–98Google Scholar
  7. Odum, W.E., Mclvor, C.C. and Smith, T.J. (1982) The ecology of the mangroves of south Florida: a community profile. US Fish and Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS-81/24. 144 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Odum, W.E., Smith, T.J., Hoover, J.K. and Mclvor, C.C. (1984) The ecology of tidal freshwater marshes of the United States east coast: a community profile. US Fish and Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS-83/17, 177 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Pemadasa, M.A., Balasurbramaniam, S., Wijewansa, H.G. and Amarasinghe, L. (1979) The ecology of a salt marsh in Sri Lanka. J. Ecol., 67, 41–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pomeroy, L.R. and Wiegert, R.G. (1981) The ecology of a salt marsh. Ecological Study Series No. 38. Springer-Verlag, New York, 271 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Redfield, A.C. (1972) Development of a New England salt marsh. Ecol. Monogr., 42, 201–37Google Scholar
  12. Simpson, R.L., Good, R.E., Leck, M.A. and Whigham, D.F. (1983) The ecology of freshwater tidal wetlands. Bioscience, 33, 255–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Teal, J.M. (1986) The ecology of regularly flooded salt marshes of New England: a community profile. US Fish. Wildl. Service FWS/OBS 85/7.4. 61 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Whigham, D.F., McCormick, J., Good, R.E. and Simpson, R.L. (1978) Biomass and primary production in freshwater tidal wetlands of the middle Atlantic coast. In R.E. Good, D.F. Whigham, and R.L. Simpson (eds), Freshwater Wetlands: Ecological Processes and Management Potential. Academic Press, New York, pp. 3–20Google Scholar
  15. Zedler, J.B. (1977) Salt marsh community structure in the Tijuana estuary, California. Est. Coast. Mar. Sci., 5, 39–53Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Donal D. Hook 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Odum
  • John K. Hoover

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations