Advertisement

River Regulation Effects on Floodplain Hydrology and Ecology

  • Charles V. Klimas

Abstract

River engineering activities that modify floodplain hydrology induce basic changes in the character of floodplain ecosystems. These may include alteration of processes, natural communities, and land use patterns. This paper focuses on patterns of change that occur within floodplain forests (bottomland hardwoods) of the southern United States. Observations from these complex and productive systems are illustrative of interactions that occur in other flood-plain ecosystems.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Batema, D.L., Henderson, G.S. and Fredrickson, L.H. (1985) Wetland invertebrate distribution in bottomland hardwoods as influenced by forest type and flooding regime. Proc. Fifth Central Hardwood Forest Conf.,Urbana, Illinois. (in press)Google Scholar
  2. Bedinger, M.S. (1971) Forest species as indicators of flooding in the lower White River Valley, Arkansas. US Geol. Surv. Rep., 79-68, 27 pp.Google Scholar
  3. Bowling, D.R. and Kellison, R.C. (1983) Bottomland hardwood stand development following clearcutting. South J. Appl. For., 7, 110 - 15Google Scholar
  4. Brody, M., Pearlstine, L., Conner, W. and Kitchens, W. (1986) Modeling bottomland forest and wildlife habitat changes in Louisiana's Atchafalaya Basin. Proc. Symp. on Freshwater Wetlands and Wildlife. Charleston, SC (in press)Google Scholar
  5. Burgess, R.L. and Sharpe D.M. (eds) (1981) Forest island dynamics in man-dominated landscapes, Springer-Verlag, New York, 310 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fowells, H.A. (ed.) (1965) Silvics of forest trees of the United States USDA For. Serv. Ag. Handbook No. 271, 762 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Francis, V.K. (1983) Acorn production and tree growth of Nuttall oak in a greentree reservoir. USDA South. For. Expt. Stn. Research Note S0-289, 3 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fredrickson, L.H. (1979) Floral and faunal changes in lowland hardwood forests in Missouri resulting from channelization, drainage, and impoundment. US Dept. Int., FWS/OBS 78/91, 130 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Fredrickson, L.H. and Heitmeyer, M.E. (1986) Waterfowl use of forested wetlands of the southern United States: an overview. In M.W. Weller (ed), Waterfowl in winter,University of Minnesota Press. (in press)Google Scholar
  10. Gresham, C.A. (1985) Clearcutting not enough for early establishment of desirable species in Santee River Swamp. South. J. Appl. For., 9, 52 - 4Google Scholar
  11. Hook, D.D. (1984) Waterlogging tolerance of lowland tree species of the South. South. J. Appl. For., 8, 136 - 49Google Scholar
  12. Johnson, R.L. (1978) Planning for natural regeneration of hardwoods in the coastal plain. In Proc. Second Symp. on Southeastern Hardwoods. USDA For. Ser. SE Area State and Private For., Atlanta, pp. 114 - 19Google Scholar
  13. Klimas, C.V. (1986) Baldcypress response to increased water levels, Caddo Lake, LA-TX. Wetlands, 6, (in press)Google Scholar
  14. McKnight, J.S., Hook, D.D., Langdon, 0.G. and Johnson, R.L. (1981) Flood tolerance and related characteristics of trees of the bottomland forests of the southern United States. In J.R. Clark and J. Benforado (eds), Wetlands of bottomland hardwood forests, Elsevier Scientific, New York, pp. 26 - 69Google Scholar
  15. Newling, C.J. (1981) Ecological investigation of a green tree reservoir in the Delta National Forest, Mississippi. US Army Engineer Waterways Expt. Stn. Misc. Pap. EL-81-5, 67 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Noble, I.R. and Slatyer, R.O. (1980) The use of vital attributes to predict successional changes in plant communities subject to recurrent disturbances. Vegetatio, 43, 5 - 21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Petts, G.E. (1984)Impounded rivers. Wiley, New York, 326 pp.Google Scholar
  18. Schlaegel, B.E. (1984) Long-term artificial annual flooding reduces Nuttall oak bole growth. USDA South. For. Expt. Stn. Research Note S0-309, 3 pp.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Teskey, R.O. and Hinkley, T.M. (1977a) Impact of water level changes on woody riparian and wetland communities. Vol. II: Southern forest region. US Dept. Int. Fish and Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS-77/59, 46 pp.Google Scholar
  20. Teskey, R.O. and Hinkley, T.M. (1977b) Impact of water level changes on woody riparian and wetland communities. Vol. I: Plant and soil responses to flooding. US Dept. Int. Fish and Wildl. Serv. FWS/OBS-77/59, 30 pp.Google Scholar
  21. Turner, R.E., Forsythe, S.W. and Craig, N.J. (1981) Bottomland hardwood forest land resources of the southeastern United States. In J.R. Clark and J. Benforado (eds), Wetlands of bottomland hardwood forests. Elsevier Scientific, New York, 401 pp.Google Scholar
  22. Tuttle, J.R. and Pinner, W. (1982) Analysis of major parameters affecting the behavior of the Mississippi River. US Army Engineer Lower Mississippi Valley Division, Potamology Program Report, 4, 30 pp.Google Scholar
  23. Whitlow, T.H. and Harris, R. (1979) Flood tolerance in plants: a state-of-the-art review. US Army Eng. Waterways Expt. Stn. TR-E-79-2. Vicksburg, MS. 161 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Donal D. Hook 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles V. Klimas

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations