Ultrastructure Studies as a Means of Evaluating Plant Tolerance to Flooding

  • B. B. Vartapetian


During the last 15 years electron-microscopy has been widely used in a number of laboratories for the investigation of plant cell injury and plant adaptations to hypoxia and anoxia. The advantage of this approach is that it makes possible the visualization of plant cell fine structure under the extreme conditions provoked by the experiment or by nature. The study of cell fine structure under the extreme conditions of oxygen deficiency is of special importance because it has been used in a number of cases to solve the physiological or ecological problems connected with plant flooding adaptations. For this reason the electron-microscopic technique has been used extensively in the author’s laboratory for studying plant life under flooding conditions.


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© Donal D. Hook 1988

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  • B. B. Vartapetian

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