Responses of Woody Seedlings to Elevated Flood Water Temperatures
Multiple stresses acting simultaneously may affect plants more, the same, or less than each would individually. With the large number of environmental stresses created by man’s activities, determining the effects of a single stress is exceptionally difficult. A single stress (e.g. flooding, high temperature, chemical addition, etc.) usually affects many aspects of the physical environment, producing both positive and negative results. Determining these effects as well as the interactions of several stresses is usually required to achieve a predictive capacity for multiple stresses. Hence, the individual effects of flooding and high substrate temperature will be briefly reviewed, after which their combined effect on the growth, morphology and physiology of woody seedlings will be discussed.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Armstrong, W. (1975) Waterlogged soils. In J.R. Etherington (ed.), Environment and plant ecology, Academic Press, New York, pp. 181–218Google Scholar
- Crawford, R.M.M. (1982) Physiological responses to flooding. In O.L. Lange, P.S. Nobel, C.B. Osmond and H. Ziegler (eds), Physiological plant ecology, II Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 454–77Google Scholar
- Cronquist, A. (1981) An integrated system of classification of flowering plants. Columbia University Press, New York, 12–62 pp.Google Scholar
- Donovan, L.A., McLeod, K.W., Sherrod, K.C. Jr and Stumpff, N.J. (Submitted). Response of woody swamp seedlings to flooding and increased water temperature. I. Growth, biomass and survivorship. Am. J. Bot.Google Scholar
- Hook, D.D. (1984b) Waterlogging tolerance of lowland tree species of the south. South. J. Appl. For., 8, 136–49Google Scholar
- Ingram, D.L. and Buchanan, D. (1984) Measurement of direct heat injury of roots of three woody plants. HortScience, 16, 769–71Google Scholar
- Kappen, L. (1981) Ecological significance of resistance to high temperatures. In O.L. Lange, P.S. Nobel, C.B. Osmond and H. Ziegler (eds), Physiological plant ecology I. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 439–74Google Scholar
- Kawase, M. (1981) Anatomical and morphological adaptations of plants to waterlogging. HortScience, 16, 8–12Google Scholar
- Nielsen, K.F. (1974) Roots and root temperatures. In E. Carson (ed.) The Plant Root and its Environment. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, pp. 293–333Google Scholar