Responses of Woody Seedlings to Elevated Flood Water Temperatures

  • Kenneth W. McLeod
  • Lisa A. Donovan
  • Nancy J. Stumpff


Multiple stresses acting simultaneously may affect plants more, the same, or less than each would individually. With the large number of environmental stresses created by man’s activities, determining the effects of a single stress is exceptionally difficult. A single stress (e.g. flooding, high temperature, chemical addition, etc.) usually affects many aspects of the physical environment, producing both positive and negative results. Determining these effects as well as the interactions of several stresses is usually required to achieve a predictive capacity for multiple stresses. Hence, the individual effects of flooding and high substrate temperature will be briefly reviewed, after which their combined effect on the growth, morphology and physiology of woody seedlings will be discussed.


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© Donal D. Hook 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth W. McLeod
  • Lisa A. Donovan
  • Nancy J. Stumpff

There are no affiliations available

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