Wetland Soils with High Sulfide Contents

  • Leendert J. Pons


Wetland soils with high sulfide contents occur worldwide in coastal plains, and in estuaries. The sulfides, mainly pyrites, have accumulated because the reduction products of sulfates (supplied by sea water) react with iron oxides (present in sediments), in an anaerobic environment (inundated wetlands), in the presence of organic matter (produced by the roots of the tidal marsh vegetation)(Pons, van Breemen and Driessen, 1982).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bijisma, S. (1982) Geology of the Holocene in the western part of the Netherlands. In Proc. Symp. Peat Lands Below Sea Level ILRI Publ. No. 30, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 11–31Google Scholar
  2. Breemen, N. van (1976) Genesis and solution chemistry of acid sulphate soils in Thailand. Agri. Res. Rep. 848, Pudoc, Wageningen, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  3. Brinkman, R., Nguyen Bao Ve, Tramkin Tinh, Do Phoc Hau, and van Mensvoort, M.E.F. (1986) Acid sulphate materials in the Western Mekong Delta, Vietnam. In Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. Acid Sulfate Soils ILRI Publ. (in preparation)Google Scholar
  4. Brinkman, R. and Pons, L.J. (1968) A pedogeomorphological classification and map of the Holocene sediments in the coastal plain of the three Guiana’s. Soil Survey Papers No. 4 Soil Survey Inst., Wageningen, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  5. Edelman, C.H. (1950) Soils of The Netherlands. North Holland, AmsterdamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Marius, C.L. (1984) Contribution à l’étude des Mangroves du Senegal et de la Gambie. Ecologie - Pédologie - Géochimie - Mise envaleur et Aménagment. Thèse à l’Université de Strasbourg, Orstom, Paris, 1984Google Scholar
  7. Mensvoort, M.E.F. van and Tri, Le Quant (1986) Morphology of acid sulphate soils without Jarosite, and a possible explanation for their genesis. In Proc. 3rd Int. Symp. Acid Sulfate Soils ILRI Publ. Wageningen, The Netherlands, (in preparation)Google Scholar
  8. Michel, P. (1973) Les bassins des fleuves Sénégal et Gambie. Etude géomorphologique. Mem. Orstom 63 (3 ômes), 752 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Moormann, F.R. (1961) The soils of the Republic of Vietnam. Ministry of Agriculture, Saigon, 66 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Pons, L.J. (1985) Verslag Korte Bodemkundige Missie Cultuurtechnisch Project in Guinea-Bissau - Fase I I. ( Report of a short pedological mission to the Projecto Engenharia Rural), Tite, Guinea-Bissau. Dept. of Soil Science and Geology, Wageningen, The NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  11. Pons, L.J. and Ghitulescu, N. (1986) Livret Guide de l’excursion en Guinea-Bissau. 3em Symp. Int. su les Sols Sulfaté-Acides 15–18 Janvier 1986, WageningenGoogle Scholar
  12. Pons, L.J., Jelgersma, S., Wiggers, A.J. and de Jong, J.D. (1963) Evolution of The Netherlands coastal area during the Holocene. Verh. Kon. Ned. Geol. Mijnbk. Gen. Geol. Serie 21–2 pp. 197–208Google Scholar
  13. Pons, L.J. and van Breemen, N. (1982) Factors influencing the formation of potential acidity in tidal swamps. In Proc. Bangkok Symp. A.S. Soils. ILRI Publ. No. 31, Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 37–51Google Scholar
  14. Pons, L.J., van Breemen, N. and Driessen, P.M. (1982) Physiography of coastal sediments and development of potential soil acidity. Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Special Publ. No. 10, pp. 1–18Google Scholar
  15. Roeleveld, W. (1969) Pollen analyses of two profiles in the young coastal plain of Surinam. Geol. en Mijnbouw 48, 215–24Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Donal D. Hook 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leendert J. Pons

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations